Friedrich Von Gentz

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gentz, Friedrich Von


Born May 2, 1764, in Breslau; died June 9, 1832, in Weinhaus, near Vienna. Austrian politician and publicist. Born into the family of a Prussian civil servant.

Gentz entered the Prussian state service in 1786 and went over to the Austrian service in 1802. In the mid-1790’s, he violently opposed the French Revolution and then Napoleonic France in his publicistic writing. He was subsidized by various countries (including Britain, from 1802). A close and trusted adviser of Metternich, Gentz was secretary of the Congress of Vienna of 1814-15, a conference of allied ministers in Paris in 1815, and congresses of the Holy Alliance in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), Verona, Laibach, and Troppau. Gentz was an active defender of feudal-monarchical reaction. His works are an important historical source.


Ausgewählte Schriften. …, vols. 1-5. Leipzig, 1836-38.
Tagebücher … , vols. 1-4. Leipzig, 1873-74.
Tagebücher (1829-1831). Vienna [1921].
Briefe, vols. 1-3. Munich-Berlin, 1909-13.


Sweet, P. R. Friedrich von Gentz: Defender of the Old Order. Madison, Wise. [1941].
Mann, G. Friedrich von Gentz: Geschichte eines europäischen Staatsmannes. Zürich-Vienna, 1947.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As Friedrich Gentz disapprovingly wrote of the Tracht-wearing Jena Burschenschafter, "they wear high-heeled boots coming up to the knees of their filthy costumes, a real abomination to God and mankind....
Sturma analyzes the transition from Early to Late Romanticism and the concomitant "ideological" change from the fervent embrace of the ideals of the French revolution and Kant's cosmopolitism by the early romantics to the conservatism, some would say the reactionary outlook, of many representatives of Late Romanticism, in particular Novalis, Friedrich Schlegel, Friedrich Gentz, and Joseph Gorres.
The German publicist Friedrich Gentz, for example, had described Bonaparte in 1798 as the `blood-dripping creator of the Italian republics', but was soon wondering if he might not be the man to give France the stable government it needed; by 1813 Gentz had concluded that Napoleon should be maintained on his throne, if at all possible, as a necessary counterweight to the hegemonic ambitions of Prussia and Russia.