Friedrich Karl Johannes Thiele

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thiele, Friedrich Karl Johannes


Born May 13, 1865, in Ratibor, now Racibórz in the Polish People’s Republic; died Apr. 17, 1918, in Strasbourg. German organic chemist.

Thiele studied in Breslau (Wroclaw) in 1883 and in Halle during the years 1884–88. He became a professor at the University of Munich in 1893 and at the University of Strasbourg in 1902. Thiele investigated nitrogen-containing compounds, proposed a theory of partial valencies, and studied the isomers of unsaturated lactones. In addition, he discovered colored fulvenes (1900), investigated various iodine-containing substances, including iodoso-and iodo-compounds, and, in collaboration with W. Hempel in 1896, accurately determined the atomic weight of cobalt. Thiele also did research on war gases.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.