Friedrich Kluge

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kluge, Friedrich


Born June 22, 1856, in Cologne; died May 21, 1926, in Freiburg. German philologist and linguist.

Kluge was a representative of the Leipzig school of neogrammarians. He wrote on the comparative grammar of the Germanic languages, the history of German and English, the Gothic language, and German word formation, lexicology, and lexicography. His Etymological Dictionary of the German Language (1883) is an important contribution to Germanic studies. Kluge published the German lexicological journal Zeitschrift für deutsche Wortforschung between 1900 and 1914.


Deutsche Studentensprache. Strasbourg, 1895.
Urgermanisch, Vorgeschichte der altgermanischen Dialekte, 3rd ed. Strasbourg, 1913.
Altdeutsches Sprachgut im Mittellatein. Heidelberg, 1915.
Von Luther bis Lessing, 5th ed. Leipzig, 1918.
Deutsche Sprachgeschichte, 2nd ed. Leipzig, 1925.
Nominale Stammbildungslehre der altgermanischen Dialekte, 3rd ed. Halle, 1926.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.