Christoph Friedrich Nicolai

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nicolai, Christoph Friedrich


Born Mar. 18, 1733, in Berlin; died there Jan. 8, 1811. German writer, critic, and publisher.

In 1784, Nicolai became a member of the Academy of Sciences in Munich, and in 1799 a member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences. He founded the Enlightenment publications Briefe die neuste Literatur betreffend (Letters on the Modern Literary Question; 1759–65) and Allgemeine deutsche Bibliothek (Universal German Library; 1765–1806). The co-founders of these publications were M. Mendelssohn and G. E. Lessing, whose polemical correspondence with Nicolai on the purpose of tragedy became very well known.

Nicolai wrote the humorous novels The Life and Opinions of Master Sebaldus Nothanker (vols. 1–3, 1773–76) and The Joys of Young Werther (1775), a flimsy parody of Goethe’s novel. Nicolai’s rationalist conservatism aroused sharp criticism from J. G. von Herder, Goethe, F. von Schiller, and the brothers A. W. von Schlegel and K. W. F. von Schlegel.


Lessings Briefwechsel mit Mendelssohn und Nicolai über das Trauerspiel. Leipzig, 1910.


Tronskaia, M. L. Nemetskaia satira epokhi Prosveshcheniia. Leningrad, 1962. Pages 166–84.
Sommerfeld, M. F. Nicolai und der Sturm und Drang. Halle an der Saale, 1921.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
When the writer Friedrich Nicolai came to visit him in 1781, Messerschmidt presented the perfect image of the artistic exile.
Schulz many important observations." (15) In 1794, Friedrich Nicolai, editor of Berlin's Allgemeine deutsche Bibliothek and a knowledgeable musician, wrote about this collaboration:
traces these colonial fantasies back to the Enlightenment itself and especially to Friedrich Nicolai. Part 2 treats the anti-Catholic media campaigns and organized, violent outbursts against the Church (e.g., the storming of the Berlin Dominican priory in 1869), while part 3 sheds light on how the fight against Catholicism (Kulturkampf) gave rise to the modern narrative of secularization before that narrative became a crucial element of the Kulturkampfs self-description.
In Germany, in contrast, a new 'bourgeois understanding of time' emerged from what Max Weber was to define as the Protestant work ethic, a phenomenon best represented by Benjamin Franklin, whose ideas were popularized in Germany by such works as the novels of Friedrich Nicolai and Knigge's famous handbook Uber den Umgang mit Menschen.
Many leading writers of the age, including Friedrich Nicolai, Johann Caspar Lavater, Johann Gottfried Herder and Christoph Martin Wieland, wrote abou t the implications of the crime.
This brief statement, which appeared in the last volume (1792) of the Anekdoten von Konig Friedrich von Preu[Beta]en, edited by Christoph Friedrich Nicolai (1733-1811),(1) suggests the vital relationships that exist between pitch, the characteristics of a performer's instrument, the style of a composition, and the manner in which it is played.
8 Letter from Tobias Philipp von Gebler to Friedrich Nicolai, Aus dem Josephinischen Wien: Geblers und Nicolais Briefwechsd wahrend de Jahre 1771-1786, ed.
Merck was influential in German literary circles and sympathetic with the aims of such writers as Friedrich Nicolai, Christoph Martin Wieland, Johann Gottfried von Herder, and J.W.
(4) Jochen Schulte-Sasse, Epilogue to Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Moses Mendelssohn, Friedrich Nicolai: Briefwechsel uber das Trauerspiel, ed.