Friedrich Otto Schott

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schott, Friedrich Otto


Born Dec. 17, 1851, in Witten (Ruhr); died Aug. 27, 1935, in Jena. German chemist. Founder (1884) and head of the Jena Glassworks (Jenaer Glaswerk Schott und Genossen).

Schott studied at the Technische Hochschule in Aachen, as well as at the universities of Würzburg and Leipzig. His research was primarily devoted to the chemistry and technology of glass. By adding various oxides in different proportions—oxides of barium, zinc, lead, boron, and phosphorus—to the glass composition, Schott developed new types of glass, with highly valuable optical, chemical, thermal, and electrical properties. His research served as the basis for the development of the German optical glassmaking industry, Schott also organized the manufacture of high-quality glass chemical, medical, and electrical-engineering equipment.


Kühnert, H. “Otto Schott.” Zeitschrift für technische Physik, 1936, [vol.] 17, no. 1. (See also article by E. Berger.)
Hovestadt, H. Jenaer Glas und seine Verwendung in Wissenschaft und Technik. Jena, 1900.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.