Friedrich Paulus

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Paulus, Friedrich


Born Sept. 23, 1890, in Breitenau, Hessen; died Feb. 1, 1957, in Dresden. Fascist German field marshal (1943).

Paulus joined the army in 1910. He fought in World War I and then remained in the regular army (Reichswehr). From 1935 to 1939 he was chief of staff of the panzer troops. At the beginning of World War II, during the aggression against Poland, he was chief of staff of the Fourth Army. During the operations against France in 1940 he was chief of staff of the Sixth Army. From September 1940 to January 1942 he was chief quartermaster of the General Staff for land forces and one of the principal drafters of Operation Barbarossa. In January 1942 he took command of the Sixth Army on the Eastern Front and was in charge of the offensive on Stalingrad. After his army was surrounded by Soviet troops near Stalingrad, he proposed a plan for breaking out of the encirclement, which was rejected by Hilter.

On Jan. 31, 1943, Paulus surrendered to Soviet troops with part of his army. While he was a Soviet prisoner, he joined the antifascist Union of German Officers in 1944 and later the National Committee of Free Germany. He appeared as a witness for the prosecution at the Nuremberg Trials of the main war criminals. In 1953 he took up residence in the German Democratic Republic.


Ich stehe hier auf Befehl. Frankfurt am Main, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Napoleon found it impossible to go on occupying Moscow; Hitler watched in rage while Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrendered his 6th Army at Stalingrad.
He ordered all males to be murdered, and women and children to be deported after its capture by his 6th Army under Field Marshall Friedrich Paulus. But the Red Army led by Georgy Zhukov, despite appalling losses and civilian privation that reportedly led to cannibalism, broke the siege, counter-attacked and turned the tide of the war.
of many months of bloody fighting, a many thousand-strong Nazi Army under Field- Marshal Friedrich Paulus, on February 2nd 1943.
Despite a "fight-to-the-death" order from Adolf Hitler, Field Marshall Friedrich Paulus surrendered on January 31, 1943, and the remainder of German forces on February 2.
Furthermore, the focus on "representative men," individuals inextricably linked to the catastrophic events that occurred in the name of both the Nazi and the Soviet regime, like the commander of the German 6th Army Friedrich Paulus and the Russian general and Nazi-collaborator A.A.
Another commonly employed strategy of historical mythmaking on the German side focuses on the level of military leadership and involves the legacy of Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus. Paulus himself, after the war, promoted the "I have known from the very beginning but Hitler would not listen" excuse for Stalingrad, casting himself as the dutiful and morally conscious commander who attempted to prevent the catastrophe, but found himself overpowered by the forces of history.
He also listed a "Rommel" cabinet and "Paulus" chest of drawers after generals Erwin Rommel and Friedrich Paulus.