Friedrich Theodor Vischer

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vischer, Friedrich Theodor


Born June 30, 1807, in Ludwigsburg; died Sept. 14, 1887, in Gmunden. German aesthetician, critic, and writer.

Vischer was the author of the six-volume Ästhetik, oder Wissenschaft des Schönen (parts 1–3, 1846–58). This epigonic work, of the Hegelian school, had a considerable influence on German academic aesthetics of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Late in life, Vischer developed the theory of empathy. He was also the author of such works as Critical Path (vol. 1, 1860) and the tragicomic novel The Humour of Germany (Auch Einer, vols. 1–2, 1879).


Lukach, G. “K. Marks i. F. T. Fisher.” Literaturnye teorii XIX v. i marksizm. Moscow, 1937.
Glockner, H. Vischer und das 19 Jahrhundert. Berlin, 1931.
Schlawe, F. Friedrich Theodor Vischer. Stuttgart, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Like the critic Friedrich Theodor Vischer, Burckhardt felt that the artists of the two prominent German schools were not able to achieve the necessary balance of idealism and realism that constituted his classical ideal.
Thus Friedrich Theodor Vischer. See Gotz Pochat, 'Friedrich Theodor Vischer und die zeitgenossische Kunst', in Ekkehard Mai et al.
Gutt is an interesting revelation, but On the Musically Beautiful also reflects the ideas of Johann Friedrich Herbart and Friedrich Theodor Vischer. The influence of the latter may be ascertained from Hanslick's biography as well as from the early versions of On the Musically Beautiful.