Friedrich Von Gentz


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Gentz, Friedrich Von

 

Born May 2, 1764, in Breslau; died June 9, 1832, in Weinhaus, near Vienna. Austrian politician and publicist. Born into the family of a Prussian civil servant.

Gentz entered the Prussian state service in 1786 and went over to the Austrian service in 1802. In the mid-1790’s, he violently opposed the French Revolution and then Napoleonic France in his publicistic writing. He was subsidized by various countries (including Britain, from 1802). A close and trusted adviser of Metternich, Gentz was secretary of the Congress of Vienna of 1814-15, a conference of allied ministers in Paris in 1815, and congresses of the Holy Alliance in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle), Verona, Laibach, and Troppau. Gentz was an active defender of feudal-monarchical reaction. His works are an important historical source.

WORKS

Ausgewählte Schriften. …, vols. 1-5. Leipzig, 1836-38.
Tagebücher … , vols. 1-4. Leipzig, 1873-74.
Tagebücher (1829-1831). Vienna [1921].
Briefe, vols. 1-3. Munich-Berlin, 1909-13.

REFERENCES

Sweet, P. R. Friedrich von Gentz: Defender of the Old Order. Madison, Wise. [1941].
Mann, G. Friedrich von Gentz: Geschichte eines europäischen Staatsmannes. Zürich-Vienna, 1947.

A. B. GERMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
But the definition that describes with more precision the balance, or rather the imbalance, of power between Israel and the Arab states was stated by the nineteenth century German statesman Friedrich von Gentz. He referred to the balance of power as "that constitution which exists among neighboring states more or less connected with each other, by virtue of which none of them can violate the independence or the essential rights of another without effective resistance from some quarter and consequent danger to itself."
Ever since John Quincy Adams translated Friedrich von Gentz's The French and American Revolutions Compared for the election of 1800, Americans have been tempted to denounce the French Revolution and to applaud their own on the grounds that the former was a revolutionary break, the latter a reenactment of the Glorious Revolution of 1688 on American soil.
Sweet Friedrich von Gentz: defender of the old order (University of Wisconsin Press, 1941).