Friedrich Wolf


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Wolf, Friedrich

 

Born Dec. 23, 1888, in Neuwied; died Oct. 5, 1953, in Lehnitz. German playwright. Became a Communist in 1928. Physician by training.

After 1918, Wolf took part in the revolutionary battles of the German proletariat. His early plays, including It’s You (1919), are written in the spirit of expressionism. In subsequent plays, including Poor Konrad (1924; Russian translation, 1941), Potassium Cyanide (1929), and Sailors From Cattaro (1930; Russian translation, 1932), Wolf moves to a realistic and revolutionary position. After the establishment of the fascist regime in 1933, Wolf emigrated to the USSR, where he wrote antifascist plays, including Professor Mamlock (1934; Russian translation, 1935), Floridsdorf (1935), The Trojan Horse (1937: Russian translation, 1937), and Beaumarchais, or the Birth of Figaro (1941) and the novel Two on the Border (1938; Russian translation, 1939). During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, Wolf took part in antifascist propaganda directed at Hitler’s troops. He was awarded the Order of the Red Star. After 1945 he returned to his homeland. Wolf was the ambassador of the German Democratic Republic in Poland. Later Wolf published the plays Mayor Anna (1950) and Thomas Munzer (1953; Russian translation, 1956) and the novel Flying Saucers (1952; Russian translation, 1953). Wolf received the National Prize of the German Democratic Republic (1949, 1950).

WORKS

Gesammelte Werke, vols. 1-16. Berlin, 1960-68.
Briefwechsel: Eine Auswahl. Berlin-Weimar, 1968.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1963.
Iskusstvo—oruzhie: Stat’i, ocherki, pis’ma. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Shelinger, N. A. F. Vol’f. Moscow, 1966.
Nagovitsyn, V. F. Vol’f [1888-1953]: Biobibliografich. ukazatel’. Moscow, 1956.
Pollatschek, W. F. Wolf: Eine Biographie. Berlin, 1963.
Jehser, W. F. Wolf. Leben und Werk. Berlin, 1965.

V. I. STEZHENSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Comparing Irmgard Keun's novel Gilgi--eine von uns (Gilgi--One of Us, 1930) and Friedrich Wolf's play Cyankali (1929), I trace constructions of femininity and the theme of abortion to show how these authors, like many others at the rime, generate narratives of existential crisis.
Ferdinand Bruckner's Die Rassen (1933) enjoyed many productions, and Friedrich Wolf's Professor Mamlock (1933) was not only the earliest of the 'Zeitstucke' to deal with Nazi anti-Semitism but also the most successful.
Europe, she concluded, could set an example to the rest of the world, especially to the US and Japan.German Green MEP Friedrich Wolf was another speaker to refer to the events at Vilvoorde.
One notable exception, however, was Friedrich Wolf who paid tribute to the universalist teaching of Muhammad in his drama Mohammed: Ein Oratorium.
Max Zimmering, Friedrich Wolf, and Bernhard Kellermann all wrote novels in which Allied bombing and its effects are the central theme.
Friedrich Wolf (Greens, Germany) is urging that competition rules "should initially be applied very flexibly" in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
In this connection, given that the edition includes only four letters from 1920, one wonders whether the editors know of Hasenclever's letter to Friedrich Wolf of 18 November 1920 which is held in the East Berlin half of the Akademie der Kunste but not reproduced here?
Neither had any contact with the artistic colony in the fishing village of Cala Ratjada, which included Otten, Blei, and Schluter, as well as others not mentioned by the author, such as Arthur Seehof and Walter Pollatscheck (the later biographer of Friedrich Wolf).
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