chaffinch

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Related to Fringilla coelebs: chaffinch, Common Chaffinch

chaffinch:

see finchfinch,
common name for members of the Fringillidae, the largest family of birds (including over half the known species), found in most parts of the world except Australia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chaffinch

 

(Fringilla coelebs), a songbird of the family Fringillidae. It is about the size of a sparrow (approximately 17 cm long). The male’s plumage is brightly colored (especially in spring): the head is blue-gray, the back is brownish and green, the crop and breast are brownish red, and the wings have large white spots. The coloration of the female is more subdued. The chaffinches common in Europe, Southwest Asia, and North Africa; it is moving toward the east. The chaffinch is one of the most numerous birds in the USSR. It lives in forests and parks of all types, often right near human dwellings. It builds its nest in trees, camouflaging it with moss and lichens. Sometimes it nests twice in a summer. A clutch contains three to six light-blue speckled eggs. The chaffinch feeds on seeds and the green parts of plants, and in the summer it also eats insects and other invertebrates, which it also feeds to its nestlings. The chaffinch has a resonant song and is often kept as a cage bird.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

chaffinch

a common European finch, Fringilla coelebs, with black and white wings and, in the male, a reddish body and blue-grey head
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The learning of song patterns by birds, with special reference to the song of the chaffinch, Fringilla coelebs. Ibis 100:535-570.
The eight most common forest bird species were Levaillant's green woodpecker Picus vaillantii (26 pairs), European Robin Erithacus rubecula (41 pairs), Common Blackbird Turdus merula (50.5 pairs), Great Tit Parus major (76 pairs), (Ultramarine) Blue Tit Parus caeruleus (ultramarinus) (29.5 pairs), Short-toed Tree creeper Certhia brachydactyla (32 pairs), Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius (21 pairs), and Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs (43.5 pairs).
In Scotland, isolates obtained during 1998-2000 from dead birds--Eurasian siskins (Carduelis spinus), greenfinches (Carduelis chloris), and chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs)--previously identified as E.
Likewise, the levels of average heterozygosity were low ([H.sub.E] = 0.025 [+ or -] 0.013, n = 14; Table 1), and all measures of intrapopulational variation were well below levels observed in the closely related chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs; P = 24.5 [+ or -] 1.5, [H.sub.E] = 0.048 [+ or -] 0.002, n = 12 populations; Baker 1992) and other passerines (P = 24.2 [+ or -] 1.3, [H.sub.E] = 0.063 [+ or -] 0.005, n = 61 species/subspecies; Evans 1987).
(2) Pulp consumers (tits, Parus spp.; and Chaffinch, Fringilla coelebs) peck the fruit without detaching it from the peduncle or, after plucking, tear off the pulp while holding the fruit in the bill or against the perch.
([dagger]) <5 birds were available from the following species: chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) 4 samples, wood warbler (Phylloscopus sibilatrix) 4, icterine warbler (Hippolais icterina) 4, reed bunting (Emberiza schoeniclus) 3, siskin (Carduelis spinus) 3, red-breasted flycatcher (Ficedula parva) 2, trush nightingale (Luscinia luscinia) 2, chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita) 2, willow tit (Parus montanus) 1, wryneck (Jynx torquilla) 1, cuckoo (Cuculus canorus) 1, tree pipit (Anthus trivialis) 1, blackbird (Turdus merula) 1, grasshopper warbler (Locustella naevia) 1, rustic bunting (Emberiza rustica) 1, scarlet rosefinch (Car codacus erythrinus) 1, and fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) 1.
Morphometric variability in continental and island populations of chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs).
Genetic and morphometric divergence in ancestral European and descendent New Zealand populations of chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs).
Genetic and morphometric divergence in ancestral European and descendant New Zealand populations of chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs).
of Locality birds songs song types Azores Islands Flores 41 962 90 Graciosa 39 687 79 Pico 35 695 62 Terceira 31 826 62 Sao Miguel 40 916 91 Madeira Islands Madeira 31 486 75 Canary Islands La Palma 18 380 72 Hierro 27 829 102 Gomera 32 584 53 Tenerife 28 529 113 Gran Canaria 25 575 50 Morocco Agadir 37 863 93 Rabat 38 810 114 Iberia Sevilla 31 659 41 Setubal 33 1217 52 Segovia 32 886 26 The purpose of this paper is to describe patterns of cultural differentiation within and among regions in Atlantic island and continental populations of chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs), and to make inferences concerning the forces that led to these patterns.
In this study, I will analyze the amount and dimensionality of growth trajectories in early ontogeny in three species of finches: the chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), the greenfinch (Carduelis chloris), and the scarlet rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus).