Frisian language


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Frisian language,

member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-EuropeanIndo-European,
family of languages having more speakers than any other language family. It is estimated that approximately half the world's population speaks an Indo-European tongue as a first language.
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 family of languages (see Germanic languagesGermanic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by about 470 million people in many parts of the world, but chiefly in Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
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). It has a number of dialects and is spoken by more than 300,000 people, most of whom speak West Frisian and live in Friesland, a province of the Netherlands. North Frisian is spoken along the North Sea coast of Germany and on the Frisian Islands, and East Frisian is spoken farther inland in NW Germany. Speakers of various dialects are also found in the United States. Frisian is a subject of instruction in the schools of Friesland and also has a literature of its own. Of all foreign languages, it is most like English.

Bibliography

See K. Zondag, ed., Bilingual Education in Friesland (1982).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The anthology tells the story of the Frisian language, its speakers, and its literature, illustrated by Frisian sources but also by outside sources in languages like Dutch and Latin.
On the other hand, editors of the Frisian language media system expressed high satisfaction with their digital advances.
Recently retired from active teaching, Haan (Frisian language and culture, U.
Another report, issued on 9 July, criticised the Netherlands for not taking sufficient measures in favour of the Frisian language. The report on Germany, drawn up by a committee of independent experts and foreseen by the charter, considers that North Frisian, Sater Frisian and Lower Sorbian are particularly endangered languages.
For previous edition, "Frisian: The Frisian Language in Education in The Netherlands.
But the Oerol festival's essence found better expression in a piece like Salted, a spectacularly scenic theatrical harangue co-produced by the festival and Tryater, Holland's only professional theatre group working in the Frisian language. Mounted offshore during low tide--audiences were forced to tramp through water-logged sand to reach the bleacher seating--this international collaboration protested the gradual extinction of the world's minority languages.
Even the Bible was translated very late; the complete Bible in the Frisian language was produced only in 1943, long after the translations into Ga (1866), Ewe (1913) and Twi (1871), all languages spoken in Ghana, Bediako's country.
Catalan- and Basque-speaking people live in areas of Spain and France (as well as a Catalan-speaking city in Italy); the Sami community is native to Norway, Finland, Sweden, and Russia; the Irish live in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland; and the Frisian language, mostly rooted in the Netherlands, is also spoken by a small population in Germany.
The Frisian language, unlike many other European minority languages, enjoys official status: it is taught in schools and universities, its authors are supported by the state, and it has an academy that sees to its furtherance and well-being.
Gorter (head of the social sciences research group at the Fryske Akademy, a Netherlands-based scientific center for research focusing on the Frisian language) presents a special edition of the International Journal of Multilingualism that contains four papers on the linguistic landscape of cities in Israel, Thailand, Japan, the Netherlands (Friesland), and Spain (the Basque Country).
The Frisian language is still actively spoken in this province, as well as in a few other Frisian areas in eastern Friesland (northern Germany) and northern Friesland (southwest Denmark).
A painter, novelist, short-story writer, literary critic, editor, and publisher, Schotanus has used her considerable influence to further Frisian language and literature.