Frisians


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Frisians

 

a nation inhabiting The Netherlands (chiefly the province of Friesland) and the northwestern regions of the Federal Republic of Germany, including the North Frisian Islands and Helgoland. The Frisians number more than 400,000 (1978, estimate) and speak the Frisian language. Religious Frisians are Calvinists. The chief occupations of the Frisians are the raising of dairy livestock, the cultivation of crops, and fishing. Despite their closeness to the Dutch, the Frisians in the Netherlands retain their cultural identity.

REFERENCE

Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's a shortened evolution story of Frisian as a separate recorded language in the early Middle Ages to the flourishing of Frisian literature in our own time.
Replying two days later, the Frisian ministers urged the Amsterdam Waterlanders to acquaint "all churches in Prussia and the whole of Germany, and wherever established" with the English affair, which "is a completely new and never heard of affair." (14) The ministers warn against "ruin, harm, hurt, and perdition of the churches concerning the [Waterlander] peace-making or union," desiring "peace, quietness, and silence" instead.
Since the introduction of Christianity in Friesland, the Frisians have gradually lost their religion, culture and language.
A similar end, by the way, "sword-bale," awaits Finn when the Danes in that tale avenge their shame on Finn and his remaining Frisians. But, to return, the Heathobeard warrior escapes, knowing the country well as he does.
The Swale was once a `whirling, rushing, whirlpool of a river', but from the fifth century the rising North Sea water level had turned the estuary into a drowned world of marsh, bog, tidal inlets and whirlpools (the same rise in sea level had drowned part of the Frisian coast, encouraging many of the inhabitants to migrate).
When Arjen Terpstra made his debut as a novelist in 2008, he gave notice to an appreciative reading public that a promising author had joined the ranks of significant Frisian writers.
Van der Heijde populates the book with interesting characters: Sybe Sybesma, a poet and classicist who sets up the new republic's constitution, and a mix of fictional and real-life Frisians, who appear under their actual names, or names that are humorously altered.
The local government and "professional" Frisians have launched all kinds of language initiatives.
Hylke Speerstra, author of some twenty books, makes literature out of this intriguing and provocative slice of Frisian life and history by using a unique blend of fact and fiction.
Although Ypk fan der Fear never achieved great fame and recognition, Hanneke Hoekstra sees her life and writing as important because of the insights they give into a sidestream of Frisian literature.
Here Durk van der Ploeg raises the question whether fifty years is long enough to erase the almost instinctive animosity between the Dutch (or Frisians in this case) and the Germans generated by Germany's World War II invasion and occupation.
Eliot, "April is the cruellest month"; for the narrator in Van der Ploeg's novel it is May, the month when back in 1940 the German enemy invaded the Netherlands and for the next five years subjected the Dutch and Frisians to a reign of terror.