Fritillaria


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Fritillaria

 

(fritillary), a genus of bulbous plants of the family Liliaceae. The rounded bulb usually consists of two to four fleshy scales. The stem is leafy, and the leaf arrangement is alternate or whorled. The flowers, which are generally large, are solitary or in groups on the stem apex. The campanulate or turbinate perianth has six segments and basal nectaries; it is whitish, yellow, orange, or brownish, often with checkered markings. The fruit is a hexahedral, sometimes winged, capsule.

There are about 100 species of fritillary, which are distributed in the temperate zones of both hemispheres. The USSR has approximately 30 species, mainly in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. Fritillary is also encountered in the European USSR (forest-steppe and steppe zones), Western Siberia, and the Far East. It grows in meadows and steppes, among shrubbery, and along mountain slopes in alpine and subalpine zones. All species are spring-blossoming ornamentals. The best-known species are the checkered lily (F. meleagris) and the crown imperial (F. imperialis).

References in periodicals archive ?
Anahtar Kelimeler: Fritillaria, kromozom sayisi, UPGMA, PCA, Turkiye.
According to traditional oriental medicine, the bulbs of Fritillaria thunbergii has been utilised as mucoregulators and expectorants for controlling the airway inflammatory diseases Gang 2003).
It is well known that steroidal alkaloids are the main medicinal active ingredients of Fritillaria species (FS) (Tang and Eisenbrand 1992; Zhou et al.
I love their small cousins, the dainty chequered Fritillaria Meleagris, too.
An unusual rockery bulb must be the Fritillaria 'Michailowsky', which has purplish brown edged flowers with bright yellow edging, flowering in April and growing to just 10in tall.
INTOXICATING The scent of fritillaria and tulip hung heavily and seductively in the air
Accompanying it will be the crown imperial, Fritillaria imperialis, also known as kaiser's crown, which is a majestic tall bulb with lovely nodding yellow bell-shaped flowers.
Lilies and fritillaria are also true bulbs; however care must be taken as they can be easily damaged by rough handling.
THE snake's head fritillary, or Fritillaria meleagris, is one of the great delights of the British garden.
SOME 2,000 Snake's Head S Fritillary bulbs, known as Fritillaria meleagris, have bloomed at a Midland site where sewerage system improvements were done.