Fritillaria


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Fritillaria

 

(fritillary), a genus of bulbous plants of the family Liliaceae. The rounded bulb usually consists of two to four fleshy scales. The stem is leafy, and the leaf arrangement is alternate or whorled. The flowers, which are generally large, are solitary or in groups on the stem apex. The campanulate or turbinate perianth has six segments and basal nectaries; it is whitish, yellow, orange, or brownish, often with checkered markings. The fruit is a hexahedral, sometimes winged, capsule.

There are about 100 species of fritillary, which are distributed in the temperate zones of both hemispheres. The USSR has approximately 30 species, mainly in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. Fritillary is also encountered in the European USSR (forest-steppe and steppe zones), Western Siberia, and the Far East. It grows in meadows and steppes, among shrubbery, and along mountain slopes in alpine and subalpine zones. All species are spring-blossoming ornamentals. The best-known species are the checkered lily (F. meleagris) and the crown imperial (F. imperialis).

References in periodicals archive ?
Lotfali Cheraqpour, head of the provincial forests, range and watershed management organization, told the Tehran Times the fritillaria imperialis plain in Koohrang city, which once stretched over 3,600 hectares, is now down to less than a thousand hectares.
Este trabajo incluyo el analisis de muestras recolectadas con redes de 500, 200 y 100 [micro]m de apertura de poro, lo que permitio recolectar especies con distintas tallas (Fenaux & Palazzoli, 1979; Fenaux et al., 1998), incluyendo especies de tamano pequeno (~ 100 [micro]m) como Appendicularia sicula, Fritillaria charydbae, Fritillaria cf.
Keywords: Fritillaria, chromosome number, UPGMA, PCA, Turkey.
Hypothesis/Purpose: We investigated whether verticine, ebeiedine and suchengbeisine isolated from the bulbs of Fritillaria thunbergii inhibit the gene expression and production of MUC5AC mucin from human airway epithelial cells.
The bulbs of various Fritillaria species are traditionally used as an important antitussive, expectorant, and antihypertensive drug in Turkish, Chinese, Japanese, Pakistani and southeastern Asian folk medicines [17].
Fritillaria caballeroi is considered to be a vulnerable plant (VU), both in the Red Lists of the Flora Vascular Espanola (VV.AA., 2000; Moreno, 2008), and in the Atlas and Red Book (Amich & Bernardos, 2010), as a result of its reduced geographic distribution and of the continuing decrease in its number of mature plants.
For example, the combination of Fritillaria "Chopin" and the double Tulipa x "Princess Irene"--their purple stems and veining in each orange flower accentuated by their proximity--may make it impossible to wait for the fall catalogues to arrive.
Lily leaf beetles will feed on many plants including Lilium spp., Fritillaria spp., Polygonatum spp.
Firm favourites include richly scented hyacinths, tulips, daffodils and crocus, while there is also an abundance of new varieties of iris, fritillaria and camassia to try.
Plant a group of fritillaria meleagris (snakeshead fritillaria) in the rock garden for an added attraction in early spring.
The most popular bulbs for fall planting include daffodils, crocus, snowdrop, hyacinth, tulips, scilla, fritillaria, allium, irises and gladiolus.
Artificial hydrangea wreath, The Contemporary Home, www.tch.net, PS30 Fresh flower 40cm seasonal spring wreath, wayfair.co.uk, PS24.99 Rosemary and floral wreath, Bloom, www.bloom.uk.com, PS19 Fritillaria mixed flowers twig wreath, Crocus, www.crocus.co.uk, PS29.99 of Spring..