Fritz Haber

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Haber, Fritz


Born Dec. 9, 1868, in Breslau; died Jan. 29, 1934, in Basel. German inorganic chemist.

In 1898, Haber became a professor at the Karlsruhe Poly technical School. In 1904 he began to investigate the equilibrium between ammonia and its elements, nitrogen and hydrogen, at high temperatures and pressures. In 1908, working under semifactory conditions, Haber first produced liquid ammonia (Nobel Prize, 1918). In 1913 a plant for the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen was organized under his direction. In 1911 he took over the direction of the Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry at Berlin-Dahlem. During World War I he was one of the organizers of the German war chemicals industry, developing in particular poison gases. After the war, Haber actively contributed to the revival of the German war industry. He left Germany after the fascists came to power in the spring of 1933.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For his role in theoretically imagining a route for nitrogen fixation, something every chemist knows as the Haber-Bosch process (realized first by English chemist Robert Le Rossignol), Fritz Haber won the 1918 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
(2) Daniel Charles, Master Mind: The Rise and Fall of Fritz Haber, the Nobel Laureate Who Launched the Age of Chemical Warfare, Harper Collins Publishers Inc., New York, New York, 2005.
Fritz Haber, son of a merchant Siegfried Haber, was born on December 9, 1868 in Breslau, Silesia, Prussia.
Mahdi (chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society) analyzes what Europeans knew, or thought they knew, about the Malayan world.
The visitor in this play was, in real life, a chemist named Fritz Haber, who would go on to win the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1918.
Between Genius and Genocide: The Tragedy of Fritz Haber, Father of Chemical Warfare.
We can blame all that algal bloom on Fritz Haber. During the first decade of the 20th century, he and colleague Carl Bosch cracked a puzzle that had stumped chemists for a long time; they found a way of making artificial, nitrogen fertilizer.
Around this time, however, German scientists Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch developed a way to convert nonreactive atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia, the reactive compound that forms the base of nitrogen fertilizer.
Particularly fascinating is the treatment of individuals: Fritz Haber, the Nobel Laureate chemist, who developed poison gas technology for the Germans in WW I but was dismissed from his position by the Nazis because of his Jewish blood; Werner Heisenberg, the brilliant physical theorist who may have sabotaged the Nazi nuclear program (though Cornwell doubts this); Joseph Mengele, the "physician" (butcher) of Auschwitz; and Werner yon Braun, the rocket engineer who changed sides easily after the war and helped the U.S.
Inspired by a TV documentary on science and warfare,King wrote the opera about the life of German scientist Fritz Haber, the scientist who instigated the use of gas in World War I and invented the gas that would later be used to kill 6m Jews.