Friuli


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Friuli

(frēo͞o`lē), historic region, now divided between Friuli–Venezia GiuliaFriuli–Venezia Giulia
, region (1991 pop. 1,197,666), 3,031 sq mi (7,850 sq km), NE Italy, bordering on Austria in the north and on Slovenia in the east. Trieste is the capital of the region, which is divided into Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste, and Udine provs.
..... Click the link for more information.
, NE Italy, and SloveniaSlovenia
, Slovene Slovenija, officially Republic of Slovenia, republic (2015 est. pop. 2,075,000), 7,817 sq mi (20,246 sq km). It is bounded in the north by Austria, in the northeast by Hungary, in the southeast by Croatia, and in the west by Italy.
..... Click the link for more information.
. It extends from the E Alps to the Adriatic and includes, in the east, a fertile plain and a section of the KarstKarst
, Ital. Carso, Slovenian Kras, limestone plateau, W Slovenia, N of Istria and extending c.50 mi (80 km) SE from the lower Isonzo (Soča) valley between the Bay of Trieste and the Julian Alps.
..... Click the link for more information.
 region. The inhabitants are Italians in the west and Slovenes in the east. UdineUdine
, city (1991 pop. 99,189), capital of Udine prov., Friuli–Venezia Giulia, NE Italy. Manufactures include machinery, textiles, metals, and chemicals. In the 10th cent. Emperor Otto II gave the city to the patriarchs of Aquileia, who made it their capital (13th cent.).
..... Click the link for more information.
 and GoriziaGorizia
, Ger. Görz (gûrts), city (1991 pop. 38,505), capital of Gorizia prov., Friuli–Venezia Giulia, NE Italy, on the Isonzo River and on the Slovenian border. It is an industrial, commercial, transport, and tourist center.
..... Click the link for more information.
, both in Italy, are the principal cities.

Friuli derives its name from the Roman city of Forum Iulii (modern Cividale del Friuli). Occupied by the Romans (2d cent. B.C.), it became a Lombard duchy (6th–8th cent.) and a Frankish march (8th cent.). Before A.D. 1000 it was divided into the counties of Gorizia (east) and Friuli (west). The western county passed (11th cent.) to the patriarchs of AquileiaAquileia
, town, in Friuli–Venezia Giulia, NE Italy, near the Adriatic Sea. Founded in 181 B.C. by the Romans, it was a stronghold against the barbarians and a trade center. Later, the town was destroyed several times by invaders, notably by Attila (A.D. 452).
..... Click the link for more information.
, who made Udine their capital. In 1420 it went to Venice, and the name Friuli lost its political connotation. After the counts of Gorizia became extinct (1500), Emperor Maximilian I incorporated the eastern county into the Hapsburg possessions; attempts by Venice to acquire it were unsuccessful.

By the treaties of Campo Formio (1797) and Paris (1814, 1815) all Friuli became Austrian. After the Austro-Prussian War, Austria ceded (1866) W Friuli (i.e., Udine prov.) to Italy. During World War I, Friuli was a battlefield. In 1919, E Friuli was also awarded to Italy; with Istria and Trieste it formed the region of Venezia GiuliaVenezia Giulia
, former region, 3,356 sq mi (8,692 sq km), NE Italy, on the Adriatic Sea. It was formed after World War I from part of the territories ceded by Austria to Italy in 1919, and included E Friuli, Trieste, Istria, and part of Carniola. Fiume was added in 1921.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The Italian peace treaty of 1947 gave E Friuli (but not Gorizia) to Yugoslavia, and it became part of the Yugoslav republic of Slovenia (now independent). The name Friuli was officially revived when Friuli–Venezia Giulia was formed as a region of Italy.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Friuli

a historic region of SW Europe, between the Carnic Alps and the Gulf of Venice: the W part (Venetian Friuli) was ceded by Austria to Italy in 1866 and Eastern Friuli in 1919; in 1947 Eastern Friuli (except Gorizia) was ceded to Yugoslavia
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Montasio (Friuli) is a hard, mild cheese that can be enjoyed by cheese and noncheese lovers alike.
Shooting is set to start Jan.30 in Friuli, with Cattleya and Gaul's Babe Films co-producing with RAI Cinema, which will release the pic in Italy.
Undeterred, he has been working on a Friuli risotto made with red wine, speck ham and a local regional cheese.
The topics include a modeling approach supporting air spargeing system design, modeling water-solid interactions, contaminants in groundwater and the subsurface, preliminary studies for designing a wetland for arsenic treatment, the hydrogeology and geochemistry of the Friuli Venezia Giulia Plain alluvial aquifers in northeastern Italy, ground-penetrating radar in ground water studies, and the distribution and source of nitrogen compounds in the groundwater of Kuwait.
Summary: FORNASARIG Sedie Friuli; the international manufacturer for the production of chairs, whose offerings enhance the quality of people's lives in work environments, had recently introduced the Wagner Blades chairA and the Loop chairA, a seating product made of Beech Wood that incorporates the advanced technology of the Leap chair to support the body in a reclined position.
The partners will produce and market wines from California, New Zealand, Loire Valley, Friuli and the Cape region of South Africa.
With a production of 44 000 000 chairs every year, 30 per cent of all factory-manufactured chairs in the world are made in Friuli. Nearly 1200 chair-related companies employ over 14 000 people, in what is known as the 'chair triangle', so the district naturally lends itself to the world's only annual chair show.
Wines at the tasting will inlcude a Pinot Noir from the Languedoc, a fruity blend of Tempranillo, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon from Navarra in Northern Spain, a Cabernet Franc from Friuli in Italy, and a Chardonnay from the South of France.
Principe di San Daniele, the leading producer of San Daniele Prosciutto, has introduced a new product that reflects a long-standing tradition in Italy's Friuli region where the hams are made.
Of course as one reads the testimony of the other twenty-odd witnesses to this sharp incident in a small town set among the soft, verdant hills of Friuli, the scene becomes murkier, but all witnesses agreed that in the moment of danger Costantino Rizzardi yelled out, "Oh my commune, help me, now!" Although the awkward plea in English is a little less so in Furlano, the language Costantino spoke, it is nevertheless curious that in his spontaneous cry for help, he would have called upon his comune (community) rather than amici (friends) or compagni (comrades), the usual terms of male solidarity, especially in a faction-ridden, vendetta-prone land such as Friuli.
in 2001, according to Adams Beverage Research, and has recently made a major investment by purchasing Borgo Conventi, a well-known estate in Italy's Friuli region, for $8.5 million.
It is a move meticulously anticipated and premeditated by the author, as he recovers with the Friuli language the epos of his people, adopting a language already burrowed deep in the verbal matrix of those minstrels, particularly those who moved from castle to castle as they journeyed from Catalonia to the Friuli.