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Friuli–Venezia Giulia(frēo͞o`lē-vānĕ`tsyä jo͞o`lyä), region (1991 pop. 1,197,666), 3,031 sq mi (7,850 sq km), NE Italy, bordering on Austria in the north and on Slovenia in the east. TriesteTrieste
, Serbo-Croatian Trst, city (1991 pop. 231,100), capital of Friuli–Venezia Giulia and of Trieste prov., extreme NE Italy, on the Gulf of Trieste (at the head of the Adriatic Sea).
..... Click the link for more information. is the capital of the region, which is divided into Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste, and Udine provs. (named for their capitals). It extends from the E Alps in the north to the Adriatic Sea in the south and is drained by the Tagliamento River. It is an area of considerable seismic activity; a 1976 earthquake north of Udine killed over 1,000 people. Farming is the chief occupation; cereals, potatoes, and grapes are the leading crops, and dairy cattle and hogs are raised. Industrialization has accelerated since 1945; manufactures include textiles, processed food, refined petroleum, chemicals, and machinery. The region was formed in 1947 by the merger of Udine prov. with that part of the former region of Venezia GiuliaVenezia Giulia
, former region, 3,356 sq mi (8,692 sq km), NE Italy, on the Adriatic Sea. It was formed after World War I from part of the territories ceded by Austria to Italy in 1919, and included E Friuli, Trieste, Istria, and part of Carniola. Fiume was added in 1921.
..... Click the link for more information. not annexed by Yugoslavia. Trieste prov. was added in 1954. In 1963 Friuli–Venezia Giulia was given limited autonomy. It contains the western part of the historic region of FriuliFriuli
, historic region, now divided between Friuli–Venezia Giulia, NE Italy, and Slovenia. It extends from the E Alps to the Adriatic and includes, in the east, a fertile plain and a section of the Karst region.
..... Click the link for more information. . There is a university at Trieste.
an administrative region in northeastern Italy, in the Carnic and Julian Alps, partly on the Friuli Plain near the Gulf of Venice of the Adriatic Sea. Includes the provinces of Trieste, Gorizia, Udine, and Pordenone. Area, 7,800 sq km. Population, 12,325,000 (1973). The principal city is Trieste.
The economy of Friuli–Venezia Giulia is industrial and agrarian. More than 45 percent of the economically active population is employed in industry, and more than 10 percent in agriculture. Fluorite is mined in the Udine region, and lead-zinc ores are extracted in the province of Udine. Enterprises of the ferrous metallurgy industry are found in the cities of Trieste and Udine. Machine building is also important, especially shipbuilding, for the most part in Monfalcone and Trieste, and the production of ship engines, at Trieste. Artificial and synthetic fibers are manufactured in Gorizia, Monfalcone, and Torviscosa. The region also has enterprises of the electrical engineering, pulp, oil-refining, woodworking, textile, and food-processing industries. The production of electric power amounted to 4.1 billion kW-hrs in 1972, two-thirds of which was from steam power plants and the remainder from hydroelectric power plants.
In all, 28.3 percent of the land suitable for agriculture is occupied by ploughed areas, while 16.2 percent is used for meadows and pastures and 4 percent is occupied by orchards and vineyards. Lumbering is practiced; more than one-fourth of the region is covered with forests. The major crops are wheat (1973 harvest, 110,000 tons), maize (495,000 tons), sugarbeets, and potatoes. The region is also a center for viticulture and wine-making (1.5 million gal). Peaches, apples, and pears are grown in orchards, and silk is cultivated. Livestock amounts to 221,000 head of cattle and 88,000 head of swine.
The principal port is Trieste, one of the largest on the Mediter-ranean Sea.
T. A. GALKINA