Frol Romanovich Kozlov
Kozlov, Frol Romanovich
Born Aug. 5(18), 1908, in the village of Loshchinino, in present-day Kasimov Raion, Riazan’ Oblast; died Jan. 30, 1965, in Moscow. Soviet statesman and party figure, Hero of Socialist Labor (1961). Became a member of the CPSU in 1926. The son of a poor peasant.
Kozlov was originally a textile worker. Upon his graduation from the M. I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnical Institute in 1936, he worked at the Izhevsk Metallurgical Plant, first as an engineer and then as the chief of a blooming mill and in 1939–40 as party organizer of the Central Committee of the ACP (Bolshevik) and secretary of the party committee at the same plant. Secretary of the Izhevsk city party committee from 1940 to 1944, Kozlov worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) from 1944 to 1947. Subsequently he served as second secretary of the Kuibyshev oblast party committee (1947–49), party organizer of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) at the Kirov Plant in Leningrad (1949), and secretary of the Leningrad city party committee (1949). In 1952 he was elected second secretary and in November 1953 first secretary of the Leningrad oblast committee of the CPSU.
After serving as chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR from 1957 to 1958, Kozlov was first vice-chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1958 to 1960 and secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1960 to 1964. Elected a member of the Central Committee of CPSU at the Nineteenth through Twenty-second Congresses of the party, Kozlov was from February to June 1957 a candidate member and from 1957 to 1964 a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU. In addition Kozlov was a deputy to the third through sixth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1954 to 1958 and from 1962 to 1965. A recipient of four Orders of Lenin, four other orders, and medals, he is buried on Red Square at the Kremlin wall.