Front de Libération du Québec

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Front de Libération du Québec

(FLQ) (frôN də lēbĕräsyôN` dü kābĕk`), Canadian separatist group formed in the 1960s to bring about the independence of Quebec, which has a French heritage, from the rest of Canada, which has a primarily British tradition. Using public demonstrations and terrorist activities, the FLQ attracted considerable attention. In 1970 members of the organization, demanding release of separatist prisoners, kidnapped a British official and the Canadian minister of labor; the latter was murdered. Their action persuaded Prime Minister Trudeau to institute martial law for six months.
References in periodicals archive ?
Palmer et Sean Mills, de multiples foyers de contestation eclosent en effet au Canada et au Quebec au cours des fameuses sixties, decennie marquee par divers courants, notamment le mouvement de liberation des femmes et celui des Noirs, le Red Power, la contestation etudiante, la radicalisation des syndicats, le Front de liberation du Quebec, la popularite croissante du nationalisme quebecois et l'essor de la Nouvelle Gauche.
A paramilitary group, Front de liberation du Quebec, was involved for many years in violent attacks on English-speaking institutions and high-profile kidnappings of senior political figures.
In response to the kidnapping of a British Trade Attache and a minister in the Quebec Government by members of the Front de liberation du Quebec, Trudeau invoked the War Measures Act, suspending civil rights and due process, resulting in hundreds of arrests of artists, trade unionists, and political activists and thousands of late night searches of private homes and citizens by soldiers and police.
Julien Giguere, head of the Montreal police's anti-terrorism squad when the Front de liberation du Quebec kidnapped two government officials, told Enquete that his department had a list of sixty suspected FLQ sympathizers that it wanted to investigate.
In addition, the use of violence and kidnapping by another resistance organization, the Front de Liberation du Quebec (FLQ), undermined political gains made by the more mainstream Left and provided the rationale needed by the government to order the army's occupation of Montreal and enforce the War Measures Act.
On a aussi pu voir a quel point la crise d'Oka, qui a ete presentee quasiment comme un acte d'antiterrorisme avail au fond de fortes accointances avec la crise d'octobre 1970 au Quebec, lorsque les chars canadiens avaient investi Montreal pour faire appliquer la loi des mesures de guerre et traquer les souverainistes du Front de Liberation du Quebec. Les films d'Obomsawin sont politiques et fortement subjectifs: ce sont des films a these defendant avant tout le point de vue de minorites (les Amerindiens) qui ont rarement droit a la parole.
Entre le Front de liberation national d'Alger, le Front de liberation du Quebec c'est aussi par reference a la Liberation que De Gaulle tisse des liens avec le Quebec car l'atmosphere qu'il ressent sur le balcon de l'Hotel de ville de Montreal, affirme t-il alors, lui rappelle celle de Liberation.
15, the notorious Front de liberation du Quebec issued a communique, the second in two months, threatening to wreak havoc on Montreal's English-speaking communities.
The death occurred as part of a wave of bombings in the 1960s carried out by the terrorist group the Front de Liberation du Quebec. Now, Mr.
Durant ses huit annees d'existence, le Jazz libre tisse des liens non negligeables avec le Conseil central des syndicats nationaux de Montreal (CCSNM), le Front de liberation du Quebec (FLQ) et le Front de liberation des femmes (FLF).
McLoughlin, who has worked as a consultant to the CBC's fifth estate program, explores the much-discussed, unsolved 1971 murder of Front de liberation du Quebec militant Francois Mario Bachand, 27, in a Paris apartment.
Members of the Front de Liberation du Quebec (FLQ) kidnapped a British diplomat, James Cross.
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