Frontal Plane

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Related to Frontal Plane: sagittal plane, transverse plane

frontal plane

[¦frənt·əl ¦plān]
Any plane parallel with the long axis of the body and perpendicular to the sagittal plane.
In electrocardiography and vectorcardiography, the projection of the vertical axis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Frontal Plane


a term used in animal and human anatomy to designate an imaginary plane that runs through the body parallel to the surface of the frons (forehead) and perpendicular to the sagittal and transverse planes. In animals the frontal plane passes horizontally along the body (when there is a horizontally extended head); in man it passes vertically, for example, through both hip joints. The frontal plane divides the body into front and back parts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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(28) Hence the possible angular errors discussed above in the frontal plane would also apply equally to the sagittal plane.
The purpose of this study was to examine effects of knee alignments and using a toe clip on knee frontal plane biomechanics during stationary cycling.
The reference points were marked out on each student's image, and the therapist observed and analyzed the posture from both the sagittal and frontal planes 10 cm away.
Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that a model that included ipsilateral frontal plane trunk angle at the end of WA, contralateral hip abductor strength, and BMI as independent variables best explained the rate of loading at the index knee.
Dog Fracture Radial or tibial Frontal plane span (%) length (j) (mm) angulation ([degrees]) 1 4 120/120 2 (varus) 2 18 170/173 3 (varus) 3 29 150/152 None Initial Surgery Revision 37 150/152 3 (valgus) Surgery Dog Sagittal plane Plate bridging Plate span angulation ([degrees]) ratio (%) ratio (%) 1 2 (recurvatum) 70 6 2 2 (procurvatum) 66 32 3 None 71 40 Initial Surgery Revision 5 (recurvatum) 97 38 Surgery Dog Plate working Time to union length (%) (weeks) 1 13 10 2 20 9 3 41 NA Initial Surgery Revision 32 8 Surgery (j) Fractured bone length/intact bone length; NA: not applicable.
The results of the active ROM of the cervical spine showed that only the DCF exercises combined with PTA group achieved a significant increase in the three plane measurements during the follow-up especially the frontal plane ROM.
(11,30,31) The hip abduction test described by Nelson-Wong et al (11) ranged from 0 to 3 points and was determined by degrees of frontal plane motion, with zero being no loss of frontal plane motion and 3 points being severe loss of frontal plane motion.
People with stroke have impairments in the regulation of frontal plane stability, as indicated by a reduction in weight-shifting capacity while standing [24-26].
P-Wave changes: Normal P wave is best seen and studied in standard lead II because the frontal plane P wave axis is usually directed to the positive pole of this lead.
Based on table 3, after intervention during quiet standing, participants in the experimental group showed a significant reduction in COP displacement in both frontal and sagittal planes, as well as in COP velocity in the frontal plane and total velocity.
The anterior posterior index (API) measures the ankle stability in the sagittal plane, while the medial lateral index (MLI) measures the frontal plane stability, with a high stability index indicating poor stability.
(22, 26-28) With the head in neutral position, GVS evokes body sway mainly along the frontal plane and the direction is toward the side of the anode.