frost flowers

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frost flowers

[′frȯst ‚flau̇·ərz]
(hydrology)
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* Frost Flower (Book 1 Frost Flower Series) by Linda Hays-Gibbs
Research on frost flower formation has focused on the origin of the water vapour from which they are formed.
The initiation of frost flower growth occurred just before 11:00 p.m.
Micrometeorological and Thermal Control of Frost Flower Growth and Decay on Young Sea Ice.
Another phenomenon that impacts the ice-atmosphere interface is frost flowers. These beautiful structures are formed not from sea water, but from atmospheric moisture that deposits on a newly-forming sea ice surface, similar to the hoarfrost often seen on windows and windshields.
Caption: Frost flowers like these can form when exposed sea water first starts to freeze.
Cool harvest Frost flowers, the delicate crystals that sometimes grow atop fresh sea ice, were revealed as a substantial source of ozone-destroying bromine in the lower atmosphere near the North and South poles (166: 163).
Frost flowers with sugar as carly as the day before the party.
At the University of Manitoba's Sea-ice Environment Research Facility frost flowers can be created under controlled conditions.
Frost flowers and bromine explosions sound almost extraterrestrial but they occur regularly in Canada's Arctic.
Frost flowers, the delicate crystals that sometimes grow atop fresh sea ice, can be a substantial source of ozone-destroying bromine in the lower atmosphere near the poles, researchers suggest.
The origin of bromine over ice-bound oceans has remained a mystery, but several lines of evidence now point to frost flowers as culprits.