frost flowers


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frost flowers

[′frȯst ‚flau̇·ərz]
(hydrology)
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Frost flowers are transient crystal structures that form on new and young sea ice surfaces.
Frost flowers are relatively short-lived crystal structures formed exclusively on new and young sea ice (Perovich and RichterMenge, 1994).
1995) were able to grow frost flowers in a cold laboratory using an external water vapour source (i.
Part of Wang's work focuses on the role of frost flowers in so-called 'bromine explosions,' an atmospheric chemistry phenomenon that often follows large Arctic storms in the springtime.
Caption: Frost flowers like these can form when exposed sea water first starts to freeze.
Caption: A typical experiment at SERF can involve 30 researchers from different teams, such as these graduate students who are collecting frost flowers.
Cool harvest Frost flowers, the delicate crystals that sometimes grow atop fresh sea ice, were revealed as a substantial source of ozone-destroying bromine in the lower atmosphere near the North and South poles (166: 163).
Frost flowers with sugar as carly as the day before the party.
At the University of Manitoba's Sea-ice Environment Research Facility frost flowers can be created under controlled conditions.
Frost flowers and bromine explosions sound almost extraterrestrial but they occur regularly in Canada's Arctic.
Frost flowers, the delicate crystals that sometimes grow atop fresh sea ice, can be a substantial source of ozone-destroying bromine in the lower atmosphere near the poles, researchers suggest.
The origin of bromine over ice-bound oceans has remained a mystery, but several lines of evidence now point to frost flowers as culprits.