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any of a group of symbols depicting a smile, or other facial expression, used in electronic mail
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(computer science)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (


(EMOTional ICON) A pictorial expression of feeling in a message rendered as text. Carnegie Mellon professor Scott Fahlman is credited with creating the first emoticon (the "smiley") using the text characters :-) in an online message in 1982.

Pronounced "e-mo-tih-con," the symbols are stored in the Unicode character set. Word processing, email and other character-based programs may automatically convert emoticon text into an icon. See emoji, emotag, Unicode and alphanumerish.

Emoticon   Meaning

  :-)     smiley, happy face

  :-(     frown

  ;-)     wink

  :-D     big smile

  :-O     mouth open in amazement

  :-Q     tongue hanging out in nausea

  :-{)    moustache

  :-{)}   moustache and beard

  8-)     wears glasses

  (-:     left handed or Australian

  :*)     red nosed, suggesting inebriation
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
She said: ``I go to the drugstore and get these things that have been around forever, called Frownies. ''
But unlike everybody's favourite botulism derivative, Frownies are an all-natural non-poisonous product made from unbleached paper with a vegetable-based adhesive, containing aloe and vitamin E.
While they are dermatologically approved, there is, however, no scientific basis for Frownies and some plastic surgeons have dismissed their claims but that's hardly surprising.
Now like every other Hollywood fad, Frownies have made their way over to the UK after Emily Cohen, the founder of cult-beauty boutique Pout stumbled upon them on a trip to The States and you can buy them at their outlet in Harvey Nichols in Manchester.
In the classic movie Sunset Boulevard, Gloria plays Norma Desmond, a faded screen star who uses Frownies to try to regain her youthful beauty.
MOVIE: Gloria Swanson wears Frownies in Sunset Boulevard
WRINKLE STICKERS; Karen sticks the Frownies on her laughter lines; BOX OF TRICKS: Frownies packet
The dominant explanation for the difference in the performance of rewards/sanctions via emoticons between the partner matching and the stranger matching seems to be that, opposed to the stranger matching, in the partner matching the smilies and frownies facilitate a (pre-play) communication device across periods.
Thereby, the behavior toward the allocation of frownies is consistent with the behavior toward the allocation of disapproval points in Masclet et al.
(4.) The frowny has been also implemented by Carpenter, Daniere, and Takahashi (2004a, 2004b) in a setting where frownies cannot be targeted at a particular individual, but only sent (at a small cost and anonymously) to the whole group to express dissatisfaction with the group contribution.
He said: "I met the owner of Frownies and we had a long chat.