fruit fly

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fruit fly,

common name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 that lay their eggs in various plant tissues. The Tephritidae contains about 1,200 species characterized by wide heads, black or steely green or blue bodies, iridescent greenish eyes, and wings that are usually mottled brown or black. The eggs of most species are laid directly in the pulp of the fruit on which the larvae feed; in North America, blueberries, cherries, and apples are much damaged by these insects. In warm regions, the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, was a serious pest of citrus fruits; it has now been eradicated from the S United States. Some species, e.g., the goldenrod gall fly, Eurosta solidaginis, which deposits its eggs in species of goldenrod, lay their eggs in plants of no economic importance. The Drosophilidae, or pomace flies, are yellowish and in the wild are largely found around decaying vegetation. The larvae living in fruit actually feed on the yeasts growing in the fruit. Drosophila melanogaster, also called vinegar fly, is a much used laboratory insect; its 10-day life cycle and large chromosomes, particularly those of the salivary glands of the larva, have made it invaluable in the study of geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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. Fruit flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae.

fruit fly

[′früt ‚flī]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for those acalypterate insects composing the family Tephritidae.
Any insect whose larvae feed on fruit or decaying vegetable matter.

fruit fly

1. any small dipterous fly of the family Trypetidae, which feed on and lay their eggs in plant tissues
2. any dipterous fly of the genus Drosophila
References in periodicals archive ?
An adequate number of baited traps must be distributed in infested areas in order to minimize the adult fruit flies in the area (Martinez-Ferrer et al.
(2011) also discovered that female fruit flies were less susceptible to selected insecticides (in terms of LC50 value comparison) than males.
There is no comparable study of methomyl against fruit flies in Pakistan however our work is contradictory to results reported by El-Aw et al.
This behavior greatly improves the survival rate of the fruit flies because they have evolved high tolerance of the toxic effects of the alcohol, but the wasps have not.
Various control measures such as chemical, biological and cultural are being followed; though latter has not proved vital for the management/control of the fruit flies. Chemical control has been the most important measure.
The researchers also found that fruit flies without pheromones are attractive to males of other species.
The HAW-FLYPM program is a combination of six techniques: population monitoring, field sanitation (removing all fruit from fields after harvest), protein bait, male annihilation, release of sterile male fruit flies, and release of biocontrols, such as parasitic wasps, when needed.
Hallman says irradiation has a successful track record of nearly five years in ridding Hawaiian fruit and Florida guavas of fruit flies. Mangos harvested in Florida in May will also be irradiated.
The government has selected 30 districts, including 10 districts for guava, 10 for mangoes and 10 districts for citrus fruits, he said and added the province would be free of fruit flies in 2019 as the project was reaping immense benefits.
Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of the genus Bactrocera Macquart represent a highly invasive taxon, and collectively they pose a serious threat to the production and export of horticultural crops around the globe (Papadopoulos 2014; Vargas et al.
The University of Iowa researchers advanced their knowledge of human hearing by studying a similar auditory system in fruit flies - and by making use of the fruit fly "love song."