fruit fly

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fruit fly,

common name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 that lay their eggs in various plant tissues. The Tephritidae contains about 1,200 species characterized by wide heads, black or steely green or blue bodies, iridescent greenish eyes, and wings that are usually mottled brown or black. The eggs of most species are laid directly in the pulp of the fruit on which the larvae feed; in North America, blueberries, cherries, and apples are much damaged by these insects. In warm regions, the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, was a serious pest of citrus fruits; it has now been eradicated from the S United States. Some species, e.g., the goldenrod gall fly, Eurosta solidaginis, which deposits its eggs in species of goldenrod, lay their eggs in plants of no economic importance. The Drosophilidae, or pomace flies, are yellowish and in the wild are largely found around decaying vegetation. The larvae living in fruit actually feed on the yeasts growing in the fruit. Drosophila melanogaster, also called vinegar fly, is a much used laboratory insect; its 10-day life cycle and large chromosomes, particularly those of the salivary glands of the larva, have made it invaluable in the study of geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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. Fruit flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae.

fruit fly

[′früt ‚flī]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for those acalypterate insects composing the family Tephritidae.
Any insect whose larvae feed on fruit or decaying vegetable matter.

fruit fly

1. any small dipterous fly of the family Trypetidae, which feed on and lay their eggs in plant tissues
2. any dipterous fly of the genus Drosophila
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the Department of Justice, Fruitfly was used to invade machines of individuals, companies, schools including Case Western Reserve University, a police department and a subsidiary of the U.
Dean Faculty of Agriculture Dr Mohammad Amjad Aulakh said that fruitfly management was still a challenge.
While the backup server Wardle set up allowed him to discover the Macs that remained infected by the Fruitfly variant, it also allowed him to quickly analyze how the malware worked.
We also share many genes with more humble organisms - about half with the fruitfly and the nematode worm, and about a fifth with yeast.
So it was a challenge for East Coast DJ duo Brian Fisher and Mark Price to go west and start their own night as Fruitfly at the Arches.
It came disguised in Bloody Mary mix, pizza sauce, and BLTs, and did more to sully the reputation of California-fresh produce than any fruitfly infestation ever could.
In collaboration with the Harvard Medical School Institute of Proteomics, the Berkeley Drosophila Genome Project is creating a set of Drosophila genes using Gateway Technology to propel the Drosophila Genome Project into its next phase of better understanding the fruitfly, Drosophila melanogaster.
1993) found that different fruiting phenologies between host-plant species tended to be an isolating mechanism between races of the fruitfly Rhagoletis pomonella.
This is in contrast to some mammalian and fruitfly systems in which a 100-fold increase in HSP70 is observed in a comparable time frame (Lindquist 1986).
Several species of fruitfly in the genus Drosophila similarly produce what have been interpreted as ejaculatory donations, as seminal proteins are incorporated into the somatic tissues and developing oocytes of their mates (Markow and Ankney 1984, 1988; Pitnick et al.
But access to mainland markets is restricted by transportation costs and Hawaii's fruitfly problem.
Over the past three decades the work of the three investigators focused on the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster.