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Related to Frustration: depression, Frustration of contract


The experience of nonfulfillment of some wish or need.
(solid-state physics)
In spin glasses, a phenomenon in which individual magnetic moments receive competing ordering instructions via different routes, because of the variation of the interaction between pairs of atomic moments with separation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a psychological state marked by oppressive tension, anxiety, a feeling of no way out, and despair. Frustration arises in a situation perceived by the personality as an irreversible threat to the attainment of a goal important for the satisfaction of certain needs. The degree of frustration depends both on the importance of the action being blocked and on the nearness of the goal being sought. Reaction to a state of frustration may include any of the basic types of “substituting” actions. A person might “escape” from the real situation into the realm of fantasies, dreams, and visions; in other words, there may be a transition to action in some “magical” world. Aggressive tendencies may appear, manifesting themselves in restrained forms, such as irritability, or breaking through in the form of anger. A general “regression” of behavior may be observed, including a transition to less demanding and more primitive modes of action and frequent job changes.

Frustration frequently leads to a residual lack of confidence and a fixation on the modes of action employed in the situation of frustration. Frustration is often a source of neuroses. Of special importance (primarily from the point of view of applied problems) has been the assumption in present-day psychology of the problem of a person’s “endurance” (staying power) with regard to frustration.


Eksperimental’naia psikhologiia, vol. 5. Edited and compiled by P. Fraisse and J. Piaget. Moscow, 1975. (Translated from French.)
Rosenzweig, S. “An Outline of Frustration Theory.” In Personality and the Behavior Disorders, vol. 1. New York, 1946.
Frustration and Aggression. New Haven–London, 1949.
Lawson, R. Frustration. New York, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


poor government clerk saves to buy a new overcoat, only to have it stolen. [Russ. Lit.: Gogol The Overcoat in Magill II, 790]
Angstrom, Harry “Rabbit”
former basketball star frustrated by demands of adult life. [Am. Lit.: Rabbit, Run, Magill IV, 1042–1044]
dishes removed before Sancho tasted them. [Span. Lit.: Don Quixote]
Bundren, Addie
family continually thwarted in 9-day attempt to bury her. [Am. Lit.: As I Lay Dying]
Air Force captain’s appeal to be grounded for insanity not granted because desire to avoid combat proves sanity. [Am. Lit.: Joseph Heller Catch-22]
foiled in attempts to enjoy prey. [Am. Ind. Folklore: Mercatante, 77–78]
Henderson the Rain King
character’s frustration shown by his continually saying, “I want, I want.” [Am. Lit.: Henderson the Rain King]
Joseph K
accused of a mysterious crime, fails in his attempts to seek exoneration, and is executed. [Ger. Lit.: Kafka The Trial]
. continually hindered from gaining entrance to mysterious castle. [Ger. Lit.: The Castle]
Old Mother Hubbard
foiled at all attempts to care for dog. [Nurs. Rhyme: Baring-Gould, 111–113]
Raven, The
answer for quests of longing: “Nevermore.” [Am. Lit.: “The Raven” in Hart, 656]
frustrated in attempt to prepare Cio-Cio-San for disappointment. [Ital. Opera: Puccini, Madame Butterfly, Westerman, 358]
man condemned to roll up a hill a huge stone which always rolls back before he gets it to the top. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 1006]
condemned in Hades to thirst after receding water. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 1062]
Three Sisters, The
sisters live dull, provincial lives, yearning to return to the gay life of Moscow. [Russ. Drama: Benét, 1005]
Watty, Mr.
bankrupt; waits years for court action. [Br. Lit.: Pickwick Papers]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In practice, undergraduate students worldwide experience difficulty in dealing with frustration appropriately, suggesting that the state of undergraduates' antifrustration ability demands serious consideration (Q.
A similar correction could be applied to satisfaction and frustration items to assess their dimensionality (e.g., Models 1-3, Figure 1).
One of the biggest sources of frustration for a student of almost any age is grades.
Presence of unemployment may lead to frustration in youth.
Literature depicts frustration as an individual trait, which is linked to aspects of the individual's health, labor and organizations (Beghi, Spagnoli, Airoldi, Fiordelli, Appollonio, Bogliun, Zardi, Paleari, Gamba, Frattola & Da Prada, 2002; Callejon, 2011; Dyer, Abrahams, Mokoena, Lombard & van der Spuy, 2005; Ferreira & Capitao, 2010; Harlos, 2001; Krejei, Kvapil & Semrad, 1996; Moura & Pasquali, 2006a; Schaubroeck, Jones & Xie, 2001; Shirayama, Shirayama, Iida, Kato, Kajimura, Watanabe, Sekimoto, Shirakawa, Okawa & Takahashi, 2003; Susskind, 2004).
As a society, we have to begin helping individuals to make better choices and curtail frustration, which leads to violence.
The study demonstrated that aggression is a negative side effect of the frustration felt while playing the video game.
This was the moment of nationalist frustration, or frustration with nationalism.
He also hinted at frustration with David Cameron, who had originally insisted he would implement Leveson's recommendations unless they were "bonkers."
"We made new discoveries in what makes people frustrated and aggressive, but also what people do when they're feeling this frustration," says psychologist Brad Bushman, coauthor of the study.
As expectations for fast, accurate flight information take off airports and airlines recognize the role that communication can play in easing frustrations. When asked for the number one frustration experienced during a delayed flight, nearly 40% of travelers surveyed said the lack of fast and accurate updates on new departure times.