Fucose


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Related to Fucose: glucose, Rhamnose, sialic acid

Fucose

 

(also 6-deoxy-galactose), a monosaccharide of the de-oxyhexose class. Fucose is found in many natural compounds, in which it occurs mainly in the L-form. It is found in the L-form, for example, in certain bacterial and plant polysaccharides, in oligosaccharides in milk, and in glycoproteins including substances of blood groups. D-fucose is a component of certain plant glycosides. L-fucose has the structural formula

Enzymes known as fucosidases split the fucose radical from polysaccharide molecules.

References in periodicals archive ?
However, it is not clear whether core fucose exists in PMCs, so we first examined it by immunofluorescence staining and found that it existed in rat PMCs.
Besides the aforementioned carbohydrates, we also observed inhibition of the hemagglutination when we incubated the lectins with fucose.
5] Glucose forms the major share of the sugar molecules with xylose, mannose, galactose, and fucose in different conformations.
Inflammation- or disease-induced alterations of these structures include changes in the number of antennary branches and the identities of the terminal saccharide residues resulting primarily from addition or removal of sialic acid, galactose, or fucose residues (3, 5, 6).
Brown algae consist of a group of fucose rich polysaccharides containing sulfate known as fucan, fucosan or sulfated fucan (42).
Dibasic sodium phosphate, sodium carbonate, Folin-Ciocalteu reagent (FCR), sodium hydroxide, sodium tetraborate decahydrate, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, nitric acid, and hydrogen peroxide as well as standard compounds catechin, piceid (polydatin), transresveratrol, quercetin, myricetin, quercetin glucoside, kaempferol, 3, 4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (3, 4-DHB), caffeic acid, syringic acid, salicylic acid, ferulic acid, gallic acid, sinapinic acid, myo-inositol, arabitol, glucitol, mannitol, fucose, cellobiose, galactose, glucose, fructose, arabinose, xylose, ribose, acetic acid, were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich (Germany or USA).
The technology is based on the stable integration of a heterologous enzyme into any antibody producer cell line, resulting in the interference with the cells' intracellular fucose biosynthesis pathway.
Polysaccharides from Caulerpa genus consisting of sulfate, galactose, glucose, arabinose and xylose, and small amounts of mannose and rhamnose and traces of fucose residues have been identified with medicinal importance (GHOSH et al.
But the bovine oligosaccharides lack fucose, a monosaccharide that in human milk adorns up to 70 percent of oligosaccharides, tending to lend them pathogen-blocking powers.
This analysis revealed that genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism were highly upregulated, including three operons involved in the catabolism of sialic acid, fucose, and propanediol, a catabolite of fucose [90].
The particular nutrients Sonnenburg's team looked at were sialic acid and fucose, a couple of members of the sugar family.