Fujian


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Fujian

(fo͞o`jēĕn`) or

Fukien

(fo͞o`kēĕn`), province (2010 pop. 36,894,216), c.48,000 sq mi (124,352 sq km), SE China, on Taiwan Strait. The capital is FuzhouFuzhou
or Foochow
, city (1994 est. pop. 952,300), capital of Fujian prov., China, a port on the Min River delta c.25 mi (40 km) from the coast. A regional commercial and fishing center that used to trade chiefly with Taiwan, Fuzhou was linked with the central Chinese
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. The climate is warm and very moist, the terrain mostly hilly or mountainous. Of the many ports on the heavily indented coast, Xiamen, the only one that can accommodate large vessels, handles most of the trade, although there is some at Fuzhou. Other harbors are undeveloped. About a tenth of the land is arable. Rice, sweet potatoes, wheat, and tea are grown in the uplands, and fruit, silk, and jute are produced in the lowlands. The coastal region from Xiamen to Fuzhou is a major sugar-producing area. The chief oil-producing seed is rapeseed, but peanuts and soybeans are also grown. There is some tobacco, and the extensive forests on the mountains provide considerable lumber (fir, pine, rosewood, bamboo), camphor, and wood oils. Fishing off the island-strewn coast is important. The mineral resources are iron ore, copper, gold, graphite, kaolin, and manganese; coal reserves are poor. The industries are light; most important are lumbering and woodworking, tea processing, sugar refining, salt panning, and the manufacturing of textiles, cement, iron and steel, ceramics, and processed foods, including preserved fruits, for which the province has long been famous. Since 1979, special economic zones have been established at Xiamen and Fuzhou in order to stimulate foreign investment and trade. The rugged, mountainous terrain until recently retarded the building of roads or railroads; lines of communication from the hinterland were chiefly the narrow rivers, which rise in the mountains and flow eastward to the sea. The Min, the most important, flows southeast, emptying below Fuzhou. Chinese painters have often depicted its gorges and the surrounding hills. Because so many of its localities were long isolated, Fujian has perhaps the largest number of dialects of any province (over 100). The people are diverse. Most derive from local Chinese stocks, but many are descendants of ancient Hakka migrants from the northern provinces or of non-Chinese aborigines. The people of Fujian have long been faced with an inadequate food supply, aggravated by the continual immigration of N Chinese fleeing floods and droughts. Since the 17th cent., the people of Fujian have emigrated in large numbers, chiefly to SE Asia; together with Guangdong prov., Fujian has provided the majority of overseas Chinese. Strategically located opposite the island of Taiwan, the location of the Nationalist Chinese government, Fujian has (since 1950) maintained large numbers of troops. Fujian's former economic base of trade with Taiwan has changed, prompting an improvement in internal communications by rail and road and new emphasis on agricultural production. A rail line now links Fujian with Jiangxi prov. and the Chinese transportation net.

Fujian

, Fukien
1. a province of SE China: mountainous and forested, drained chiefly by the Min River; noted for the production of flower-scented teas. Capital: Fuzhou. Pop.: 34 880 000 (2003 est.). Area: 123 000 sq. km (47 970 sq. miles)
2. any of the Chinese dialects of this province
References in periodicals archive ?
Lying between two major economic regions - the Pearl River delta and Yangtze River delta - Fujian is a high-flier among Chinese provinces.
All four reported missing were in Fujian, according to the paper.
The police have discovered where 333 of the 349 boarded their boats and found that 319 of these were originally from Fujian Province, the agency said.
Chen said that after the water has reached Kinmen from Fujian, it will undergo treatment and could reach people's homes in as little as three hours, Chen said.
In his complaint, Catabijan said the SMPC granted three separate 'authority to print' to Fujian in 2009 to produce the textbooks in the latter's factory in China and a purchase order for 301,000 copies of the books worth P11.3 million.
Records showed that SMPC also issued a Purchase Order in December 2009 to Fujian for printing of additional textbooks (Development Reading Power for Grade 1 to 6 and Pagpapaunlad Ng Kasanayan Sa Pagbasa) for P11,347,781.08 covering a total of 301,000 copies of textbooks worth P300 each.
The president earlier announced that he would visit the province in the southeast coast of China to attend the inauguration of school named after his mother Soledad in Fujian Normal University on September 2.
Consul General Li said that Fujian Province is the window of China's reform and opening up and the frontier of the Belt and Road construction.
Air Liquide China has announced that it has entered into an agreement to sell its subsidiary Air Liquide Fuzhou, operating eight dedicated units located in Fujian (Southeast China), to its client Fujian Shenyuan New Materials Co.
'I'm proceeding to Fujian because they - sa University of Fujian - they built a building in honor of my mother.
Health based gases company Air Liquide (Paris:AI) said on Friday that Air Liquide China has signed an agreement to sell its Air Liquide Fuzhou Co Ltd subsidiary to its client Fujian Shenyuan New Materials Co Ltd for an undisclosed amount.
(Allianz) - the Filipino partners -- and Fujian New Technology Color Making and Printing Company, LTD (Fujian) -- a firm based in China -- to pay damages and costs of litigation.