Fujian

(redirected from Fujian Province)
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Fujian

(fo͞o`jēĕn`) or

Fukien

(fo͞o`kēĕn`), province (2010 pop. 36,894,216), c.48,000 sq mi (124,352 sq km), SE China, on Taiwan Strait. The capital is FuzhouFuzhou
or Foochow
, city (1994 est. pop. 952,300), capital of Fujian prov., China, a port on the Min River delta c.25 mi (40 km) from the coast. A regional commercial and fishing center that used to trade chiefly with Taiwan, Fuzhou was linked with the central Chinese
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. The climate is warm and very moist, the terrain mostly hilly or mountainous. Of the many ports on the heavily indented coast, Xiamen, the only one that can accommodate large vessels, handles most of the trade, although there is some at Fuzhou. Other harbors are undeveloped. About a tenth of the land is arable. Rice, sweet potatoes, wheat, and tea are grown in the uplands, and fruit, silk, and jute are produced in the lowlands. The coastal region from Xiamen to Fuzhou is a major sugar-producing area. The chief oil-producing seed is rapeseed, but peanuts and soybeans are also grown. There is some tobacco, and the extensive forests on the mountains provide considerable lumber (fir, pine, rosewood, bamboo), camphor, and wood oils. Fishing off the island-strewn coast is important. The mineral resources are iron ore, copper, gold, graphite, kaolin, and manganese; coal reserves are poor. The industries are light; most important are lumbering and woodworking, tea processing, sugar refining, salt panning, and the manufacturing of textiles, cement, iron and steel, ceramics, and processed foods, including preserved fruits, for which the province has long been famous. Since 1979, special economic zones have been established at Xiamen and Fuzhou in order to stimulate foreign investment and trade. The rugged, mountainous terrain until recently retarded the building of roads or railroads; lines of communication from the hinterland were chiefly the narrow rivers, which rise in the mountains and flow eastward to the sea. The Min, the most important, flows southeast, emptying below Fuzhou. Chinese painters have often depicted its gorges and the surrounding hills. Because so many of its localities were long isolated, Fujian has perhaps the largest number of dialects of any province (over 100). The people are diverse. Most derive from local Chinese stocks, but many are descendants of ancient Hakka migrants from the northern provinces or of non-Chinese aborigines. The people of Fujian have long been faced with an inadequate food supply, aggravated by the continual immigration of N Chinese fleeing floods and droughts. Since the 17th cent., the people of Fujian have emigrated in large numbers, chiefly to SE Asia; together with Guangdong prov., Fujian has provided the majority of overseas Chinese. Strategically located opposite the island of Taiwan, the location of the Nationalist Chinese government, Fujian has (since 1950) maintained large numbers of troops. Fujian's former economic base of trade with Taiwan has changed, prompting an improvement in internal communications by rail and road and new emphasis on agricultural production. A rail line now links Fujian with Jiangxi prov. and the Chinese transportation net.
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Fujian

, Fukien
1. a province of SE China: mountainous and forested, drained chiefly by the Min River; noted for the production of flower-scented teas. Capital: Fuzhou. Pop.: 34 880 000 (2003 est.). Area: 123 000 sq. km (47 970 sq. miles)
2. any of the Chinese dialects of this province
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Malaysian delegates are expected to visit key institutions in Fujian Province, enterprises like Xiamen Science and Industry University, Innovation Park, The World of Panda and some successful technology companies.
The NIA statistics showed that the number of passengers traveling from China's Fujian Province to Kinmen and vice versa between January and September totaled 1,385,617, up from 1,249,764 registered in the same period of 2017.
Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India], August 31 ( ANI ): The Shiv Sena on Tuesday advised Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who will visit Xiamen in China's Fujian province between September 3 and September 5 to attend the 9th BRICS Summit, to raise the issue of Doklam and to solve this tension once and for all.
Chinese state media reported one death and one person missing, as strong winds and rain shattered windows on tall buildings, knocked down trees and disrupted water supplies in China's Fujian province. It caused a widespread blackout in the coastal city of Xiamen.
TOKYO, Sept 16 (KUNA) -- Typhoon Meranti has left seven people dead and another nine missing in eastern China's Fujian Province, state-run Xinhua News Agency reported Friday, citing the local government.
According to dpa, the world's strongest typhoon so far this year was also the most severe in southern Fujian province since local meteorological records were kept in 1949, the official Xinhua news agency reported.
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("Sound Global" or the "Company") is pleased to announce that, in February 2015, Sound Global received the pre-award of the bundled PPP project ancillary to the rural township domestic sewage treatment facilities in Fuan, Fujian Province, China.
The solution allows easy and affordable access to a wide range of consumer products to villagers in Fujian Province, while opening up a vast market to urban retailers and product distributors.
The unique solution allows easy and affordable access to a wide range of consumer products to villagers in Fujian province, while opening up a vast market to urban retailers and product distributors.