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an ancient Japanese family constituting the highest stratum of the feudal aristocracy. The Fujiwara family was descended from the Nakatomi clan, which provided the hereditary priests of the Japanese Shinto religion.

The political rise of the Fujiwara was largely due to the Taika reforms of the seventh century (seeTAIKA). In the eighth century the custom was established of marrying emperors only to women of the Fujiwara family; the custom continued until the early 20th century. The Fujiwara emerged in control of the government in the ninth century; by the year 859, members of the family had taken the official titles of regent (sessho) and chancellor (kampa-ku). The power of the Fujiwara was partially due to the consolidation of the shoen system of private feudal estates, which were exempt from all taxation and received administrative and judicial immunity. A large number of these estates were owned by the Fujiwara.

The Fujiwara formally continued to rule until 1184. They had lost real power, however, by the mid-llth century owing to the decline of centralized authority in Japan caused by feudal fragmentation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fujiwara a rappele qu'a l'instar de l'Algerie, le Japon [beaucoup moins que] s'est engage a renoncer a la guerre, aux menaces et a toute utilisation de forces armees comme moyen de resolution de conflits internationaux [beaucoup plus grand que].
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NK Executive Vice President Koichi Fujiwara presented the certificates to MOLSHIP President Furukawa in a July 29 ceremony at NK headquarters.
Artistic director Chris Fujiwara said: "A film festival must keep trying to remain challenging, provocative and responsive, and I believe the programme we're unveiling today shows our success at doing that this year.
In Race 1, Azlan seized the lead at the first lap and proceeded to storm to the finish line, leaving Zamri Baba, Broc Parkes, and Katsuaki Fujiwara fighting for second position.
Nomura hired Yasuhiro Fujiwara from Bank of America in March to lead its Asia equities operations excluding Japan.
But the yen is likely to continue to weaken as long as no developed countries oppose the Bank of Japan's new easing measures at a G20 meeting this weekend, Fujiwara added.
Atsuyoshi Fujiwara brings to bear his experience as a Japanese theologian and educator working in Japan, deftly employing the Believers' Church perspective as a unifying focus.
Summary: The artist Simon Fujiwara has filled a floor of a former bank building in Sharjah with an elaborate installation of photographs.
Masakazu Fujiwara, a company employee for Honda Motor Co.
Toru Fujiwara, the head of the division, said, 'While we still have some expectations, we're not thinking like in the past about growing on the strength of Japanese companies.
I felt something missing in the habitual use of music reproduction media, so I thought to create an interactive music medium that changes," Fujiwara said on his Vimeo page.