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an ancient Japanese family constituting the highest stratum of the feudal aristocracy. The Fujiwara family was descended from the Nakatomi clan, which provided the hereditary priests of the Japanese Shinto religion.

The political rise of the Fujiwara was largely due to the Taika reforms of the seventh century (seeTAIKA). In the eighth century the custom was established of marrying emperors only to women of the Fujiwara family; the custom continued until the early 20th century. The Fujiwara emerged in control of the government in the ninth century; by the year 859, members of the family had taken the official titles of regent (sessho) and chancellor (kampa-ku). The power of the Fujiwara was partially due to the consolidation of the shoen system of private feudal estates, which were exempt from all taxation and received administrative and judicial immunity. A large number of these estates were owned by the Fujiwara.

The Fujiwara formally continued to rule until 1184. They had lost real power, however, by the mid-llth century owing to the decline of centralized authority in Japan caused by feudal fragmentation.

References in periodicals archive ?
La cA@rA@monie a eu lieu dimanche A la rA@sidence de l'ambassadeur A Alger, en prA@sence de l'ambassadeur du Japon, Masaya Fujiwara, des reprA@sentants du ministA?
Nyanko Planet's premium quality natural cat litter in the Japanese market, was also exported to Greater China and North America, which has achieved good results,' said Fujiwara, founder of Nyanko Planet.
On Saturday, December 9, Japanese streetwear royalty Hiroshi Fujiwara will deliver a talk.
Pickpocket Sook-hee (Kim Tae-ri) is hired by con artist Fujiwara (Ha Jung-woo), who has his sights set on the fortune of reclusive heiress Lady Izumi Hideko (Kim Min-hee).
Pickpocket Sook-hee (Kim Tae-ri) is hired by con artist Fujiwara (Ha Jung-woo), who has sights set on the fortune of reclusive heiress Lady Izumi Hideko (Kim Min-Fujiwara poses as a Count and Sook-hee gains a position as a handmaiden in Lady Hideko's mansion.
Michael Fujiwara, who captured the incident and posted it to YouTube Sunday, (http://www.
Other awardees were Petron's Ces Molina (1sr Best Outside Spiker), Japan's Chihiro Fujiwara (1st Best Middle Blocker) and Foton's Mary Grace Berte (Best Opposite Spiker).
After his performing career ended, Fujiwara became one of the sport's most colorful managers.
A Korean scam artist (Ha Jung-woo), posing as Japanese count Fujiwara, plucks her from the slums to aid him in the seduction of Hideko (Kim Min-hee), a Japanese heiress living under the stewardship of her Korean uncle Kouzuki (Cho Jin-woong).
Aya Fujiwara, Ethnic Elites and Canadian Identity: Japanese, Ukrainians, and Scots, 1919-1971 (Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2012)
In his recent exhibition "Peoples of the Evening Land," Simon Fujiwara stepped away from the overtly autobiographical subject matter for which he is best known.
Fujiwara found his passion early in life -- and has soared accordingly.