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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an ancient Japanese family constituting the highest stratum of the feudal aristocracy. The Fujiwara family was descended from the Nakatomi clan, which provided the hereditary priests of the Japanese Shinto religion.

The political rise of the Fujiwara was largely due to the Taika reforms of the seventh century (seeTAIKA). In the eighth century the custom was established of marrying emperors only to women of the Fujiwara family; the custom continued until the early 20th century. The Fujiwara emerged in control of the government in the ninth century; by the year 859, members of the family had taken the official titles of regent (sessho) and chancellor (kampa-ku). The power of the Fujiwara was partially due to the consolidation of the shoen system of private feudal estates, which were exempt from all taxation and received administrative and judicial immunity. A large number of these estates were owned by the Fujiwara.

The Fujiwara formally continued to rule until 1184. They had lost real power, however, by the mid-llth century owing to the decline of centralized authority in Japan caused by feudal fragmentation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Classical guitarist Nanae Fujiwara to perform in Libertyville Oct.
Koji Fujiwara, chair of the Japanese Bankers Association, has welcomed Bank of Japan's decision in July to make its policy framework more sustainable.
Koji Fujiwara, who starts as chairman of the Japanese Bankers Association on April 1, said, "Consolidation has to advance from here, and the formats for doing this are going to get more diverse." Japan has more than 100 banks, some of which are now combining to cope with a shrinking population and negative interest rates.
La cA@rA@monie a eu lieu dimanche A la rA@sidence de l'ambassadeur A Alger, en prA@sence de l'ambassadeur du Japon, Masaya Fujiwara, des reprA@sentants du ministA?re des Affaires A@trangA?res, du prA@sident du ComitA@ olympique algA@rien (COA) et des figures emblA@matiques du sport national, entre autres Noureddine Morceli.
Nyanko Planet's premium quality natural cat litter in the Japanese market, was also exported to Greater China and North America, which has achieved good results,' said Fujiwara, founder of Nyanko Planet.
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Pickpocket Sook-hee (Kim Tae-ri) is hired by con artist Fujiwara (Ha Jung-woo), who has his sights set on the fortune of reclusive heiress Lady Izumi Hideko (Kim Min-hee).
Pickpocket Sook-hee (Kim Tae-ri) is hired by con artist Fujiwara (Ha Jung-woo), who has sights set on the fortune of reclusive heiress Lady Izumi Hideko (Kim Min-Fujiwara poses as a Count and Sook-hee gains a position as a handmaiden in Lady Hideko's mansion.
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