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Fukui(fo͝oko͞o`ē, fo͝ok`o͞o-ē), city (1990 pop. 252,743), capital of Fukui prefecture, central Honshu, Japan. A modern textile center, it is especially noted for silk manufactures. It was an important silk-weaving center in the 10th cent. and became a castle town in the 16th cent. The city suffered a disastrous earthquake in 1948. Fukui prefecture (1990 pop. 823,565), 1,647 sq mi (4,266 sq km), is bounded by Wakasa Bay and the Sea of Japan. It is mountainous, with a wide coastal plain and small streams. Rice growing, forestry, and poultry raising are major occupations. Tsuruga is the main port, and Takebu is an important town.
a prefecture in Japan, on the western coast of the central part of Honshu. Located on the Sea of Japan. Area, 4,200 sq km. Population, 7.7 million (1975). The capital is the city of Fukui. The eastern part of the prefecture is occupied by mountains, which rise to 1,500 m, and the western part, by plains.
Although Fukui is one of the less economically developed regions of Japan, its textile industry is of national importance, accounting for about one-third of Japan’s textile production. The prefecture also manufactures chemical products, electrical equipment, machinery, porcelain, and earthenware. There is a logging industry. Fukui’s cottage industry produces Echizen bamboo dolls, Yuki carvings, and lacquer ware. Sabae and adjacent populated localities manufacture 80 percent of Japan’s eyeglass frames. Complex ores are mined. There are atomic power plants in the cities of Fukui, Tsuruga, and Takayama.
About 14 percent of Fukui’s territory—chiefly the alluvial plain of Kaga—is under cultivation; rice, barley, legumes, and vegetables are the main crops. Flowers are also grown. Commercial fishing is of some importance. The prefecture’s seaport is Tsuruga. Tourists visit the Hakusan national parks, the five lakes of Mikata, and the Echizen coast. Awara is a balneological health resort.
N. A. SMIRNOV
a city in Japan, on the island of Honshu. Capital of Fukui Prefecture. Population, 227,000 (1974). Fukui is a silk-spinning and silk-weaving center of national importance. The city also produces synthetic fibers, porcelain, leather goods, and paper. Handicrafts are made, and flowers, especially tulips for the export market, are grown. A university, which was founded in 1949, is located in Fukui.