Fukui, Kenichi(kĕn`ēchē fo͝oko͞o`ē, fo͝ok`o͞o-ē), 1918–98, Japanese chemist, b. Nara, Japan, Ph.D. Kyoto Univ., 1948. As a professor at Kyoto Univ., Fukui developed the theory that during chemical reactions molecules share loosely bonded electrons, which occupy so-called frontier orbitals. This theory advanced the understanding of the mechanism of chemical reactions, especially in the production of organic compounds. For his research, Fukui was awarded the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which he shared with Roald HoffmannHoffmann, Roald,
1937–, American chemist, b. Złoczów, Poland (now Zolochiv, Ukraine), Ph.D. Harvard, 1962. After receiving his degree and working with Robert Woodward at Harvard (1962–65), he became (1965) a professor at Cornell.
..... Click the link for more information. . He was also known for his efforts to promote science education in Japan.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/