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(fo͝oko͞o`shĭmä), city (1990 pop. 277,528), capital of Fukushima prefecture, N Honshu, Japan, on the Kiso plain. A silk-textile center, it is a major commercial city of NE Japan, also producing cameras, automobiles, fruits, and bonsai trees.

Fukushima prefecture (1990 pop. 2,129,647), 5,321 sq mi (13,781 sq km), is partly mountainous. Its main agricultural area is watered by the Abukuma River. Rice and tobacco are the major crops; fishing, forestry, and gathering seaweed are the principal occupations. The Joban coalfield is the center of the region's coal mining. Fukushima (the capital), KoriyamaKoriyama
, city (1990 pop. 314,642), Fukushima prefecture, N Honshu, Japan, on the Abukuma River. It is a major commercial and communications center with industries producing textiles, chemicals, machinery, electrical appliances, and food products.
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, IwakiIwaki
, city (1990 pop. 355,812), Fukushima prefecture, NE Honshu, Japan, on the Pacific Ocean. Once a major coal-mining center, Iwaki now relies on other products such as chemicals, petrochemicals, electronics, and lumber.
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, and AizuwakamatsuAizuwakamatsu
, city (1990 pop. 119,080), Fukushima prefecture, N Honshu, Japan. It has a large semiconductor plant and continues to produce many traditional products, including lacquer and ceramic ware, sake, wooden and paper novelties, and decorative candles.
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 are the chief cities.

Coastal areas of the prefecture were devastated by the tsunami that followed the Mar., 2011, NE Honshu earthquake. At the Fukushima No. 1 (Fukushima Daiichi) nuclear power plant, the destruction led to cooling system failures in the plant's reactors and fuel-storage pools, which caused meltdowns at three of the six reactors, explosions due to suspected hydrogen gas buildup at two reactors, and other problems. As a result of what became the worst nuclear disaster since ChernobylChernobyl
, Ukr. Chornobyl, abandoned city, N Ukraine, near the Belarus border, on the Pripyat River. Ten miles (16 km) to the north, in the town of Pripyat, is the Chernobyl nuclear power station, site of the worst nuclear reactor disaster in history. On Apr.
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, radioactive material was released into the atmosphere and ocean. The radiation releases led to concerns over water, food, and environmental contamination, and complicated the tsunami cleanup in the region around the plant. People were banned from a 12-mi (20-km) evacuation zone beginning in Apr., 2011, and later were evacuated from more distant locales, especially to the north and northwest. The cleanup of the disaster is expected to take 45 years or more and cost as much as $250 billion. By Apr., 2017, most less heavily contaminated areas were no longer under the evacuation order, but areas to the west and northwest, some as far as 18 mi (30 km) from the accident, remained evacuated.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a prefecture in Japan on the island of Honshu. Area, 13,800 sq km. Population, about 2 million (1975). The capital of Fukushima Prefecture is the city of Fukushima.

Most of the territory of Fukushima Prefecture is occupied by rugged mountains, which rise to 2,024 m at the volcano Azuma. The volcano Bandai and Lake Inawashiro are also located in Fukushima. Forests—both broad-leaved and mixed—cover about 65 percent of the prefecture.

The economy is primarily agricultural. The part of Fukushima that lies along the Pacific coast is the most industrially developed. More than 13 percent of the prefecture’s land is under cultivation; rice, barley, and soybeans are the main crops. Fukushima’s potato yield is the second highest in Japan, and the prefecture’s cucumber crop is the country’s largest. Livestock—in particular, swine—are raised.

Fukushima manufactures electrical engineering equipment, chemical products, food, textiles (including silk fabrics), earthenware, porcelains, and wood products. Coal is mined in the Joban Coalfield, and sulfur is extracted. A hydroelectric power plant supplies electricity to Tokyo; the cities of Fukushima and Okuma have atomic power plants. The chief port, especially for fishing, is Iwaki.



a city in Japan, on the island of Honshu, on the Abukuma River. Capital of Fukushima Prefecture. Population, 243,000 (1974). Fukushima is a center of the textile and woodproducts industries. The city also has chemical and machine-building plants. An atomic power plant with a capacity of 400 megawatts is located in Fukushima.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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