Fulcher of Chartres


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Fulcher of Chartres

 

Born circa 1059, in Chartres; died circa 1127 or 1128. French priest and chronicler.

Fulcher of Chartres took part in the First Crusade (1096–99). In 1097 he accompanied Baldwin of Flanders as his chaplain in a march on Edessa. After 1100 he held high posts at the royal court in Jerusalem. His chronicle, which was kept until 1127 and was based on personal impressions, eyewitness testimonies, and documents, was one of the most reliable sources on the history of the important events of the First Crusade and the early history of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

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Humbert attributes all his stories about Antioch to a work by Fulcher of Chartres called the Hystoria Antiochena.
Like Jacobus de Voragine, Gobi does not associate this source with Fulcher of Chartres, nor with the Chanson d'Antioche or the Estoire de Jerusalem et d'Antioche.
Like most of his predecessors, Bromyard does not name Fulcher of Chartres in association with this source.
Yet the association between the Estoire and Fulcher of Chartres is worth investigating, given the association between Fulcher and the Hystoria Antiochena established by Humbert of Romans.
48) For the years covering the First Crusade, the Historia Nicaena vel Antiochena represents a paraphrase of the chronicles by Robert of Rheims and Fulcher of Chartres.
This information makes it possible to identify the engagement in question as a battle fought on 28 June 1113 at as-Sinnabrah to the south of Lake Tiberius, in which Baldwin I and his army were defeated by the joint forces of Sharaf al-Din Mawdud, lord of Mosul, and Tughtagin, atabek of Damascus, and which was also described by Fulcher of Chartres.
5 Fulcher of Chartres, Historia Hierosolymitana (1095-1127), ed.
Sources: Fulcher of Chartres, Deeds of the Franks (Gesta Francorum).