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common name for a migratory marsh bird related to rails and gallinules and found in North America and Europe. The American coot (Fulica americana), or mud hen, is slate gray with a white bill, black head and neck, and white wing edgings and tail patch. It has lobed toes and is a skillful swimmer and diver but takes flight awkwardly, pattering the water to gain impetus. It eats aquatic plants and insects. Gregarious except during breeding, the male broods eggs and chicks at night. The European species inhabits the northern regions; there are seven species in South America alone. Coots are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Gruiformes, family Rallidae.



(Fulica atra), or European coot, a bird of the family Rallidae of the order Gruiformes. The body length measures about 40 cm. There is a patch of white skin (shield) on the forehead. The coloration is grayish black. The bird has broadly lobed toes, enabling it to swim and dive well. It is distributed in Europe, Asia, North Africa, and Australia. In the USSR it nests everywhere south of 60°-62° N lat. and winters on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea and in Middle Asia. It lives along the shores of lakes, ponds, and sea inlets that are rich in aquatic vegetation. The nest is built near the water in thickets of reeds and rushes. Six to nine eggs, sometimes as many as 15, are laid per clutch, and both the male and female incubate them for 21-24 days. The coot feeds on the seeds and green parts of aquatic plants, on insects, and on mollusks. In certain localities, especially the wintering si’es, coots are hunted commercially.


any aquatic bird of the genus Fulica, esp F. atra of Europe and Asia, having lobed toes, dark plumage, and a white bill with a frontal shield: family Rallidae (rails, crakes, etc.)
References in periodicals archive ?
fulica prefers to eat so those plants or their volatiles can be used as baits or bait components.
Opportunistic sampling of Achatina fulica was done from August to November 2015 during different periods, including rainy days, in four areas of Mindanao, Philippines: Pasonanca Natural Park in Zamboanga City, suburban areas in Pagadian City, Initao-Libertad Protected Landscape and Seascape area and the urban area of Cagayan de Oro City.
Achatina fulica is a public health problem for presenting high populations in urban areas and being a potential host of numerous disease-causing pathogens in humans and animals.
Abundancia, sazonalidade, reproducao e crescimento da concha de uma populacao de Achatina fulica [Bowdich, 1822] [Mollusca, Achatinidae] em ambiente urbano.
In the juvenile snail Achatina fulica, a similar number of small neurons are seen in the pedal ganglia, but in this species a large neuron that is IR to 5-HT antibodies is located in the antero-ventral part of the pedal ganglion.
Pharmacological characteristics of four giant neurons identified in the cerebral ganglia of an African giant snail (Achatina fulica Ferussac).
En consideracion que, la informacion morfologica basica del ovario proporciona datos valiosos al estudio de la biologia reproductiva en especies silvestres, la gallareta de ligas rojas Fulica armillata constituye un interesante grupo entre las aves acuaticas.
For example, Fulica americana (American Coot), Arias acuta (Northern Pintail), Oxyura jamaicensis (Ruddy Duck), and Chen caerulescens (Snow Goose) all used this modified wetland.
Laboratory observations on Archachatina marginata Saturalis, Achatina achatina and Achatina fulica.
Um ano apos a pesquisa realizada na Linha Cumbucica, grande parte do litoral catarinense sofreu o ataque do molusco Achatina fulica, o caramujo-africano.
Fulica americana is the only valid species of this genus known from the Pleistocene of the continental United States.
2006), Coot Fulica atra (Wicke, 1858 as cited in Kennedy and Verers, 1973) and in WSD.