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common name for a migratory marsh bird related to rails and gallinules and found in North America and Europe. The American coot (Fulica americana), or mud hen, is slate gray with a white bill, black head and neck, and white wing edgings and tail patch. It has lobed toes and is a skillful swimmer and diver but takes flight awkwardly, pattering the water to gain impetus. It eats aquatic plants and insects. Gregarious except during breeding, the male broods eggs and chicks at night. The European species inhabits the northern regions; there are seven species in South America alone. Coots are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Gruiformes, family Rallidae.



(Fulica atra), or European coot, a bird of the family Rallidae of the order Gruiformes. The body length measures about 40 cm. There is a patch of white skin (shield) on the forehead. The coloration is grayish black. The bird has broadly lobed toes, enabling it to swim and dive well. It is distributed in Europe, Asia, North Africa, and Australia. In the USSR it nests everywhere south of 60°-62° N lat. and winters on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea and in Middle Asia. It lives along the shores of lakes, ponds, and sea inlets that are rich in aquatic vegetation. The nest is built near the water in thickets of reeds and rushes. Six to nine eggs, sometimes as many as 15, are laid per clutch, and both the male and female incubate them for 21-24 days. The coot feeds on the seeds and green parts of aquatic plants, on insects, and on mollusks. In certain localities, especially the wintering si’es, coots are hunted commercially.


any aquatic bird of the genus Fulica, esp F. atra of Europe and Asia, having lobed toes, dark plumage, and a white bill with a frontal shield: family Rallidae (rails, crakes, etc.)
References in periodicals archive ?
fulica, and the potential for mortality effects on 3 non-target snail species with different feeding biologies.
Pharmacological characteristics of four giant neurons identified in the cerebral ganglia of an African giant snail (Achatina fulica Ferussac).
Howard (1963) described Fulica hesterna based on material from the Vallecito Creek Olson (1974) in a review of Pleistocene rails, considered this species to be a synonym of F.
Choice Test: Mortality of Lissachatina fulica treated with molluscicides over 15 days.
The effect of dietary calcium on growth, shellthickness and tissue calcium distribution in the snail Achatina fulica.
fulica of a cerebral ganglion homogenate or neuropeptides to induce oocyte production (Chavadej et al.
fulica Bowdich, 1822 (not found in north-eastern Mozambique so far) by the pink columellar margin.
fulica snails in urban areas of the country (10), call attention to the risk for disease transmission to humans, given that Norway rats also are likely to be present in these areas.
APGW-amide as an inhibitory neurotransmitter of Achatina fulica Ferussac.
Achatina fulica Bowdich and other land snails in coastal Tanzania.
Common name Genus and species Canada Goose Branta canadensis Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator American Coot Fulica americana American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea American Goldfinch Carduelis ristis Table 2 Winter resident bird species in the Grand Calumet River corridor.
Specimens from 510 snails (144 Pomacea canaliculata, 306 Achatina fulica, and 60 Bradybaena despecta) were digested with pepsin for isolation of A.