proportional representation

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proportional representation:

see representationrepresentation,
in government, the term used to designate the means by which a whole population may participate in governing through the device of having a much smaller number of people act on their behalf.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Proportional Representation


in bourgeois electoral law, a means of determining the results of a vote, according to which the distribution of seats among parties that have nominated candidates for a representative body conforms with the number of votes received. Under proportional representation large electoral districts are established in which each party nominates its own slate of candidates and the voter casts his vote for a party’s slate. To determine the results of the vote, an electoral yardstick (or quota) is set, that is, a minimum number of votes needed to obtain one seat. The seats within a party’s slate are generally distributed in conformity with the order in which the candidates are listed; such a slate is termed a connected slate.

Proportional representation exists in Italy, Belgium, Finland, and elsewhere. In a number of countries, including Australia and India, a form of proportional representation called preferential voting is used in presidential elections.

In the bourgeois multiparty system, proportional representation is the most democratic way of determining the results of a vote, since the bodies elected in this manner are more representative in character. The Communist and workers’ parties of capitalist states make demands for proportional representation, but bourgeois states are reluctant to accept this, since they fear an increase in the number of workers’ representatives in elected bodies. Most bourgeois states use the majority system of representation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

proportional representation

Politics representation of parties in an elective body in proportion to the votes they win
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Patrick have raced to rectify their 2004 oversight, citing the need for full representation and a potentially crucial 60th vote on legislation such as health care, which might arise ahead of a special election.
Ms Jones, one of three Plaid Cabinet Ministers in the One Wales Assembly coalition, said it was unfair that while countries like Latvia and Malta had full representation at meetings about the Common Agricultural Policy, Wales and Scotland could attend as part of the UK delegation but could not speak.
He worries that we don't see a full representation of the wheelchair community on our streets because many are over 65 and don't get out much.
"This is such a critical time for the game and the players expressed the overwhelming desire in the Ipsos MORI poll that they should have full representation in all future negotiations," he said.
Ramsden added: "Obviously the players can't, or the players likely to play can't, but full representation of the club will be there and then we'll look beyond that.
(1) Not only can full representation be an effective vehicle for increasing fair minority representation but it can also create incentives for other good government values, including more voter participation, a broader range of strong candidacies, and an appropriate balance between jurisdictionwide interests and narrower neighborhood interests.
Among other things, the rule allows limited representation in court and out of court, requires court permission to switch from full representation to limited representation, mandates that if an attorney assisted a pro se litigant in preparing a pleading or other document the document must say so; although the attorney's name need not be given, and allows the attorney to file a notice of completion when the limited representation is concluded.
Those arguments were countered by calls to fill the seat with an interim appointment so the state will have full representation in the Senate with votes coming up later this year on health care reform, global warming and federal transportation funding.
'I felt we did not have the full representation that I would like to have on the committee.
Slicker has been serving on the board of trustees for the Community Law Program since 1995, and has donated many hours of service to the board and to clients through full representation and participation in advice clinics.
And with a full representation of under-12s, Rusedski was guaranteed enthusiastic support.