proportional representation

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proportional representation:

see representationrepresentation,
in government, the term used to designate the means by which a whole population may participate in governing through the device of having a much smaller number of people act on their behalf.
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Proportional Representation


in bourgeois electoral law, a means of determining the results of a vote, according to which the distribution of seats among parties that have nominated candidates for a representative body conforms with the number of votes received. Under proportional representation large electoral districts are established in which each party nominates its own slate of candidates and the voter casts his vote for a party’s slate. To determine the results of the vote, an electoral yardstick (or quota) is set, that is, a minimum number of votes needed to obtain one seat. The seats within a party’s slate are generally distributed in conformity with the order in which the candidates are listed; such a slate is termed a connected slate.

Proportional representation exists in Italy, Belgium, Finland, and elsewhere. In a number of countries, including Australia and India, a form of proportional representation called preferential voting is used in presidential elections.

In the bourgeois multiparty system, proportional representation is the most democratic way of determining the results of a vote, since the bodies elected in this manner are more representative in character. The Communist and workers’ parties of capitalist states make demands for proportional representation, but bourgeois states are reluctant to accept this, since they fear an increase in the number of workers’ representatives in elected bodies. Most bourgeois states use the majority system of representation.

proportional representation

Politics representation of parties in an elective body in proportion to the votes they win
References in periodicals archive ?
Although the program does not have the resources to provide full representation to everyone, we believe that every client who walks through the door should be able to leave with something of value, whether it is brief summary advice or a referral to another agency.
Bin Omar went on to say that the November agreement provided for a clear path for fundamental reforms of Yemen's governance systems as well as for addressing past wrongs, recognition of the role played by the youth, with a clear roadmap to secure their participation during the transition in a way that meets their aspirations, the opportunity for Yemenis to reclaim their destiny and establish a new constitutional order and full representation of women throughout the transitional process.
They are now independent and have full representation at the Olympics and elsewhere.
He underlined the need to exert more efforts to protect the Libyan civilians hailing the roadmap announced by the Libyan Interim Council concerning full representation of the Libyan cities.
I truly hope I can at least depend on a full representation of the facts, due legal process and a fair trial.
But, though their matters are extremely important to them, full representation from a lawyer at a fair price would be either beyond the means of many of these litigants or so costly that they forgo any legal consultation.
This year's full representation also provides a fitting way to celebrate an important milestone for the marquee.
He said voters in Donegal South West, Dublin South and Waterford have a right to full representation and he claimed the Taoiseach was dodging the issue.
Taha also dismissed any talk about delaying elections as JEM has insisted but promised that Darfuris will get full representation in the government and noted that most of Darfur registered for voting.
He commented that one positive factor was the way in which the SSC demonstrated how it could work with the club in the interests of ensuring full representation of all fan groups including The Trust, The Boro Independent Supporters Club, The Boro Supporters Club, independent supporters and The Fanzine.
Her true Latina experience in the East will be beneficial to bring full representation on the highest court in the country.
Designers can move from 2-D design to 3-D modeling to a photorealistic image that visualizes the product in full representation before it actually exists.