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(fŭl`mər): see shearwatershearwater,
common name for members of the family Procellariidae, gull-like sea birds related to the petrel and the albatross and including the fulmar. Shearwaters are found on unfrozen saltwaters all over the world, with 35 species in North America.
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; petrelpetrel
, common name given various oceanic birds belonging, like the albatross and the shearwater, to the order known commonly as tube-nosed swimmers. There are two families of petrels: the storm petrels (Hydrobatidae) and the diving petrels (Pelecanoididae).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Fulmarus glacialis), a bird of the family Procellariidae of the order Procellariiformes. The body length is approximately 50 cm, the wingspan approximately 110 cm, and the weight approximately 760 g. Plumage color may be light—grayish to dove gray—or dark—smoky brown of varied intensity.

Fulmars inhabit the northern parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and parts of the northern Arctic Ocean. They are oceanic birds, and they are found on land only during the reproductive period. They nest in colonies on rocky coasts. There is one egg per clutch, and both parents sit. Fulmars are active day and night. In the sea they feed on fish, fish roe, mollusks, crustaceans, and carrion. The birds fly excellently in any weather, and they can soar. They swim well, and they sleep and rest on the water. Fulmars move awkwardly on land, leaning on their metatarsal bones. They are objects of commerce—the eggs and meat are edible, the oily fat from the stomach is used for technical purposes, and the down is used.


Kozlova, E. V. “Burevestnikovye ilitrubkonosye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy SSSR, part 1. Moscow, 1951.
Sudilovskaia, A. M. “Otriad trubkonosye ili burevestnikovye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2. Moscow, 1951.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(vertebrate zoology)
Any of the oceanic birds composing the family Procellariidae; sometimes referred to as foul gulls because of the foul-smelling substance spat at intruders upon their nests.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


any heavily built short-tailed oceanic bird of the genus Fulmarus and related genera, of polar regions: family Procellariidae, order Procellariiformes (petrels)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Thanks to the continuous efforts of many volunteers, over the recent 5-year period 2014-2018, a total of 115 fulmars with intact stomachs was available for the monitoring study in the Netherlands.
| A Fulmar glides over the Little Orme, Llandudno CALM weather along the coast near Moelfre at the weekend gave the perfect conditions to watch Red-throated Diver and Black Guillemot on the waveless sea.
Most are found to have eaten plastic items, some fulmar stomachs containing more than 30 pieces.
We monitored colony attendance by fulmars at two colonies in the Canadian High Arctic: Prince Leopold Island and Cape Vera (Fig.
Experimental work confirmed that "psittacosis virus" was contracted by humans when juvenile fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) were caught and prepared for cooking (4).
On Devon Island, the northern fulmars breed on rocky cliffs and bring home most of their food from the seas between Ellesmere Island and Greenland, 400 km away.
Albatrosses, fulmars, shearwaters, tropicbirds, frigatebirds, petrels, and diving-petrels are the most pelagic of all the world's birds.
We studied Northern Fulmars breeding in Foula, Shetland (60 [degrees] 08 [minutes] N, 2 [degrees] 05[minutes] W) during the first 2 wk of chick rearing (5-20 July) in 1988, 1990, and 1991.
| GO TO THE COAST Fulmars are back on the Great and Little Ormes, and some auks are on the cliffs too.
The island off the coast of Antrim is host to 250,000 puffins, fulmars, razorbills, guillemots and kittiwakes all jostling for space on the cliffs.
A spokesman from the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds said: "Fulmars are protected birds.
OUR sea cliffs are currently busy with auks, kittiwakes, and fulmars all spending just enough time to breed before returning to a life on the sea for the rest of the year.