fulmar

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fulmar

(fŭl`mər): see shearwatershearwater,
common name for members of the family Procellariidae, gull-like sea birds related to the petrel and the albatross and including the fulmar. Shearwaters are found on unfrozen saltwaters all over the world, with 35 species in North America.
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; petrelpetrel
, common name given various oceanic birds belonging, like the albatross and the shearwater, to the order known commonly as tube-nosed swimmers. There are two families of petrels: the storm petrels (Hydrobatidae) and the diving petrels (Pelecanoididae).
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Fulmar

 

(Fulmarus glacialis), a bird of the family Procellariidae of the order Procellariiformes. The body length is approximately 50 cm, the wingspan approximately 110 cm, and the weight approximately 760 g. Plumage color may be light—grayish to dove gray—or dark—smoky brown of varied intensity.

Fulmars inhabit the northern parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and parts of the northern Arctic Ocean. They are oceanic birds, and they are found on land only during the reproductive period. They nest in colonies on rocky coasts. There is one egg per clutch, and both parents sit. Fulmars are active day and night. In the sea they feed on fish, fish roe, mollusks, crustaceans, and carrion. The birds fly excellently in any weather, and they can soar. They swim well, and they sleep and rest on the water. Fulmars move awkwardly on land, leaning on their metatarsal bones. They are objects of commerce—the eggs and meat are edible, the oily fat from the stomach is used for technical purposes, and the down is used.

REFERENCES

Kozlova, E. V. “Burevestnikovye ilitrubkonosye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy SSSR, part 1. Moscow, 1951.
Sudilovskaia, A. M. “Otriad trubkonosye ili burevestnikovye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2. Moscow, 1951.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

fulmar

[′fu̇l·mər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of the oceanic birds composing the family Procellariidae; sometimes referred to as foul gulls because of the foul-smelling substance spat at intruders upon their nests.

fulmar

any heavily built short-tailed oceanic bird of the genus Fulmarus and related genera, of polar regions: family Procellariidae, order Procellariiformes (petrels)
References in periodicals archive ?
Most are found to have eaten plastic items, some fulmar stomachs containing more than 30 pieces.
We observed six events in which extreme weather accounted for the deaths of 40 or more adult breeding fulmars and murres (Table 2).
Experimental work confirmed that "psittacosis virus" was contracted by humans when juvenile fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) were caught and prepared for cooking (4).
On Devon Island, the northern fulmars breed on rocky cliffs and bring home most of their food from the seas between Ellesmere Island and Greenland, 400 km away.
Albatrosses, fulmars, shearwaters, tropicbirds, frigatebirds, petrels, and diving-petrels are the most pelagic of all the world's birds.
Here we report results of a study of the at-sea metabolism of breeding Northern Fulmars at Shetland using the doubly-labeled water (DLW) technique.
The media campaign also focused on the findings of a study which revealed that 96 percent of dead North Sea fulmars had plastic in their stomachs.
There are also fulmars and gannets on the cliffs at this spot.
Of the 179 species logged, razorbills, with 390 nesting pairs, guillemots and fulmars achieved their highest ever population counts.
Since its arrival the male bird has eaten several seabirds, including a shag and some fulmars and gulls, and birds have been witnessed "mobbing" the eagle in a bid to drive it away.
While wildlife sightings cannot be guaranteed, it is likely that you can see close-up views of seabirds including gannets, fulmars, kittiwakes and guillemots.