Fumimaro Konoe

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Related to Fumimaro Konoe: Hirohito, Isoroku Yamamoto, Hideki Tojo
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Konoe, Fumimaro


Born Oct. 12, 1891, in Kyoto; died Dec. 16, 1945, in Tokyo. Prince, Japanese statesman.

From 1933 to 1937, Konoe was chairman of the House of Peers. From June 1937 to January 1939 he was the prime minister of Japan. In July 1937 his government began a war to conquer all of China. In 1938 it organized an armed attack on the USSR in the region of Lake Khasan. In 1938, with the slogan that the New Order was to be built in Asia, the Konoe government announced a policy of aggression by Japan in Asia From July 1940 to October 1941 he again occupied the post of prime minister. After political parties were dissolved in 1940, he was the organizer and first president of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association. In September 1940 the Konoe government signed a treaty of alliance, the aggressive Tripartite Pact, with Germany and Italy. After the capitulation of Japan in World War II (1945), Konoe committed suicide.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The opportunity to pursue this strategy came in July 1940, when Matsuoka was appointed Foreign Minister in the cabinet of Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe. Konoe and Matsuoka, along with Army Minister Hideki Tojo and Navy Minister Zengo Yoshida often met during the next year to direct diplomatic and military actions designed to forge a close alliance with Germany, agree on a neutrality pact with the Soviet Union, and keep the United States from interfering in Japan's economic and military actions in Asia.
What about the responsibility of the preceding cabinet under Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe?
In February 1945, former Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe proposed to the emperor that the war be ended, stating to the effect that, ''Defeat, while deplorable, is inevitable.'' Even this failed to move the leadership to take decisive action.