Funafuti


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Related to Funafuti: Fongafale

Funafuti

(fo͞onäfo͞o`tē), capital and chief atoll of TuvaluTuvalu
, independent Commonwealth nation (2005 est. pop. 11,600), 10 sq mi (26 sq km), composed of nine low coral atolls, formerly known as the Ellice (or Lagoon) Islands, scattered over the W Pacific Ocean. The capital is the atoll of Funafuti.
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, S Pacific. It comprises 30 islets of a reef 13 mi (21 km) long, with a land area of c.1 sq mi (2.6 sq km). The islet of FongafaleFongafale
, islet (2001 est. pop. 5,000), site of the government center and largest settlement in the island nation of Tuvalu. Part of the atoll of Funafuti (which is officially the capital), Fongafale is also the site of a meteorological station, a hospital, Tuvalu's main port,
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 is the most populous part of the atoll; the center of government is there. The atoll was discovered in 1819 and became part of a British colony in 1915. An expedition led by Sir Edgeworth David in 1897 proved the Darwinian theory of atoll formation (see coral reefscoral reefs,
limestone formations produced by living organisms, found in shallow, tropical marine waters. In most reefs, the predominant organisms are stony corals, colonial cnidarians that secrete an exoskeleton of calcium carbonate (limestone).
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) by sinking a 1,100 ft (335 m) bore into the island.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Funafuti solar and space creation project will not only supply electricity to over 800 homes by yearly generating 783,000 kW, but will also save 206,000 litres of diesel each year - bringing about a saving of $280,000 and a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions of 570 tonnes annually.
In January 2006, the council of elders on the main island of Funafuti issued a resolution prohibiting the establishment or practice of "any new religion.
The island of Funafuti is just twelve kilometers long.
FROM THE AIR the tiny islets of Funafuti atoll appear as a broken pearl necklace scattered on the blue throat of the tropical sea.
That may not sound like a lot, but with Tuvalu's average elevation only a half dozen feet above sea level, and its capital atoll of Funafuti already a sliver of land--400 yards at its widest and tapering in places to scarcely 10 yards--it won't take much to wreak havoc.
POLYNESIA Country Capital Status American Samoa Pago Pago Unincorporated United States Territory Cook Islands Avarua Self-governing French Polynesia Papeete Territory of France Pitcairn Adamstown Dependent of Britain Tonga Nuku'alofa Constitutional Monarchy Tuvalu Funafuti Independent State Wallis and Futuna Mata Utu Territory of France Western Samoa Apia Independent State Population Area in Country 2001 (millions) Square Miles Currency American Samoa 0.
South Tarawa, in Kiribati, obtains much of its freshwater from the Bonriki groundwater lens, whereas Funafuti in Tuvalu relies almost entirely on roof catchment and storage of rainwater.
He gave the name Ellice to the large atoll of Funafuti in honour of his friend and benefactor, Edward Ellice, MP for Coventry.
Based on one of the islands, Funafuti, with only his secretary, translator and general side-kick Laita to help him understand the way things worked, he learned to deal with rapes, murders, incest and the extremely serious crime of pig theft.
Half the population is concentrated on Funafuti atoll, and the other half is spread over the other eight atolls stretching 560km from north to south in the central Pacific.