Synthesis of paraplegic gait with multichannel functional neuromuscular stimulation
Ambulation by traumatic T4-12 paraplegics using functional neuromuscular stimulation.
Functional neuromuscular stimulation for combined control of elbow extension and hand grasp in C5 and C6 quadriplegics.
Abbreviations: AFO = ankle-foot orthosis, CL = controlled lowering phase, EMG = electromyography, FNS = functional neuromuscular stimulation, FSR = force sensitive resistor, GUI = graphical user interface, HNP = hybrid neuroprosthesis, IPI = interpulse interval, LO = leg off phase, LP = leg pull through phase, PW = pulse width, PWM = pulse width modulation, SCI = spinal cord injury, VIKM = variable impedance knee mechanism, VIKM-HNP = hybrid neuroprosthesis including a variable impedance knee mechanism.
Percutaneous implantation of iliopsoas for functional neuromuscular stimulation.
Center of mass acceleration feedback control of functional neuromuscular stimulation for standing in presence of internal postural perturbations.
Stabilization of human standing posture using functional neuromuscular stimulation.
Functional Neuromuscular Stimulation
Controller Effect on Hip Dynamics
Lower extremity applications of functional neuromuscular stimulation
after spinal cord injury.
Abbreviations: ANN = artificial neural network, AP = anterior-posterior, BOS = base of support, BW = body weight, COM = center of mass, DF = dorsiflexion, DOF = degree of freedom, EMG = electromyography, FAS = feasible acceleration sets, FNS = functional neuromuscular stimulation
, FTP = functional task performance, ML = medial-lateral, PD = proportional-derivative, PF = plantar flexion, PID = proportional-integral-derivative, SCI = spinal cord injury, SD = standard deviation, UL = upper limb.
Abbreviations: AFO = ankle-foot orthosis, FNS = functional neuromuscular stimulation
, FSKC = finite state knee controller, FSR = force sensitive resistor, HNP = hybrid neuroprosthesis, IRGO = isocentric reciprocal gait orthosis, KAFO = knee-anklefoot orthosis, SCI = spinal cord injury, SCKM = stance control knee mechanism, UECU = Universal External Control Unit.
Adaptive neural network control of cyclic movements using functional neuromuscular stimulation