Furcraea


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Furcraea

 

a genus of plants of the family Agavaceae; the genus is closely related to the genus Agave. The plants have a short stalk and a rosette of somewhat succulent leaves measuring 1.5–2.5 m in length. The campanulate perianth has six free bracts, which are greenish on the outside and white inside. The flowers are gathered into very large pyramidal terminal panicles. The fruit is a capsule. In addition to the flowers, bulbels frequently develop in the inflorescence; bulbels sometimes also appear on the parent plant.

There are about 20 species, distributed in Central America and in northern regions of South America. The leaves of several species yield a strong fiber, which is used in making rope and coarse fabric. The giant cabuya (F. gigantea) is cultivated as a fiber plant in tropical and subtropical countries; F. cabuya and several other species are used for fiber by the local inhabitants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Colombia, some agricultural processes, such as the processing of coffee and to an even greater extent, the washing of the fiber of sisal (Furcraea bedinghausii); local names include fique, cabuya and penca).
Esta especie es endemica del distrito de Putla, Oaxaca, Mexico; crece en habitats con vegetacion de selvas medianas subperennifolias en canadas humedas, asi como en ecotonia de encinares con bosques mesofilos con Quercus, Clethra, Furcraea, Agave y Calliandra; sobre suelos pedregosos, en altitudes entre 1250 y 1340 m.
Ya que la utilizacion de procesos de biorremediacion microbiana se constituye en una alternativa biologica para el manejo de residuos e incluso, para generar valor agregado en la agroindustria del fique, en este trabajo se aislaron e identificaron, mediante tecnicas moleculares y bioquimicas, bacterias productoras de PHAs presentes en suelos contaminados con desechos del proceso de beneficio de la fibra de fique (Furcraea bedinghausii) en el municipio de Guarne (Antioquia).
(Smith & Mossmer, 1996), Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw.
Maguey refers to various forms of the a gave and furcraea genus, also called the century plant, and fibers from these plants are used to create many classic Guatemalan textiles.