(pen name of Zakirdzhan Khalmukhamedov). Born 1858 in Kokand; died 1909 in Iarkend. Uzbek poet, thinker, and publicist writer.

Furkat was educated in a madrasa in Kokand, where he studied Arabic and Persian, as well as classical Eastern poetry. At this time he began writing lyric and satirical verse. In 1889 he moved to Tashkent, and beginning in 1891 he traveled widely through South Asia and the Balkan Peninsula. In 1894, Furkat was persecuted by the aristocrats he had satirized and was compelled to settle in Iarkend in Kashgaria, now the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China. There he devoted himself to translating various works and to compiling a collection of his own works.

Furkat’s lyric ghazals were notable for their originality of style and imagery. They affirmed the dignity of man and attacked religious mysticism and asceticism. Furkat’s satirical poetry condemned the ignorance and self-interest of the aristocracy, merchants, and clergy. In his socially oriented poetry, Furkat emerged as a humanist grieving over the hard life of the working people and criticizing social injustices. Together with the poet Mukimi, Furkat headed a group of progressive poets that included Zavki and Avaz.

Furkat was a leader of the cultural renewal in Uzbek social thought and literature that took place during the late 19th century and the early 20th century. He stressed the importance of drawing on the achievements of Russian culture in order to develop Uzbekistan and its native intelligentsia. The humanist views of Furkat and his followers contributed greatly to the development of Uzbek literature, philosophy, and pedagogy and helped combat feudal and patriarchal institutions.


Tänlängän äsärlär, vols. 1–2. Tashkent, 1959.
Tänlängän äsärlär. Tashkent, 1975.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizv. Tashkent, 1958.


Sabirov, M. “Obshchestvenno-politicheskie vzgliady Zakirdzhana Furkata.” Zvezda Vostoka, 1958, no. 1.
Abdugafurov, A. Kh. “O realizme v uzbekskoi demokraticheskoi literature.” In Problemy realizma v literaturakh narodov Sovetskogo Vostoka. Baku, 1974.
Furqät vä Muqimiy häqidä mäqalälär. Tashkent, 1958.
Räsul, H. Furquät: [Tänqidiy-biagräfik acherk]. Tashkent, 1959.


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The understanding was reached in a meeting between Uzbekistan Ambassador to Pakistan Furkat A Sidikov and Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (Parc) Chairman Yousuf Zafar.
The consensus to this regard was developed in the meeting between the Ambassador of the Republic of Uzbekistan to Pakistan Furkat A.
Ambassador of the Republic of Uzbekistan to Pakistan Furkat A Sidikov said that cotton-picking equipment and tractors from Uzbekistan was available in Pakistan and successfully operating in the local fields.
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ISLAMABAD:Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi Thursday received Mr Furkat Sidikov, Ambassador of the Republic of Uzbekistan for a courtesy call here in his office.
ISLAMABAD -- Furkat Sidikou, Ambassador Uzbekistan to Pakistan visited Higher Education Commission (HEC) Secretariat and called on Dr.
ISLAMABAD:Uzbekistan Ambassador to Pakistan Furkat Sidikov, visited the Higher Education Commission (HEC) Secretariat and called on HEC Chairman Dr Mukhtar Ahmed.
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ISLAMABAD -- Ambassador of Uzbekistan to Pakistan Furkat Sidikov has gifted two photographs of Mughal emperor Zaheer-ud-Din Mohammad Babur and national cloth of Uzbekistan called 'Suzanna,' for display at the 'Uzbek Cultural Corner' at Heritage Museum.