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city, Jiangxi prov., China: see LinchuanLinchuan
or Linchwan
, city (1994 est. pop. 192,800), N central Jiangxi prov., China. It is an agricultural and commercial center and a road hub, known for its hot springs. Barite deposits are nearby. The city was formerly called Fuzhou, Fuchow, or Fu-chou.
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(fo͞o`jō`) or


(fo͞o`chou`), city (1994 est. pop. 952,300), capital of Fujian prov., China, a port on the Min River delta c.25 mi (40 km) from the coast. A regional commercial and fishing center that used to trade chiefly with Taiwan, Fuzhou was linked with the central Chinese railway system in 1956, and its economic ties are now mostly with the mainland. It has an airport, chemical plants, a small integrated iron and steel complex, textile and paper mills, machine shops, food-processing establishments (tea and sugar), and paper mills. Fuzhou consists of an old walled city, which lies c.2 mi (3 km) from the river, and a modern riverside town. A bridge crosses to Nantai island, the former foreign settlement and business center. Large vessels dock 15 mi (24 km) downstream to transship their goods. In 1984 it was designated as one of 14 open port cities. The old city of Fuzhou dates from the T'ang dynasty (A.D. 618–906). Marco Polo, who called it Fugiu, visited the city on his return journey. After the Opium WarOpium Wars,
1839–42 and 1856–60, two wars between China and Western countries that marked the shift of wealth and power from East to West. The first was between Great Britain and China. Early in the 19th cent.
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 (1839–42) Fuzhou was established as a treaty porttreaty port,
port opened to foreign trade by a treaty. The term is usually confined to ports in those countries that formerly strongly objected to foreign trade or attempted altogether to exclude it. Thus it is used especially in reference to Japan and China.
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. By 1850 it was the principal Chinese port and the world's largest tea-exporting center. Its importance declined when the demand for tea decreased and when harbor silting barred large vessels. Fuzhou has several institutions of higher learning, including Fuzhou Univ. and Fujian Medical College. In the surrounding hills are beautiful pagodas and monasteries, and a summer resort. The name sometimes appears as Fu-chou.


, Foochow, Fuchou
a port in SE China, capital of Fujian province on the Min Jiang: one of the original five treaty ports (1842). Pop.: 1 398 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
And it looks like things are going from Bard to verse, with the Southern Chinese city of Fuzhou unveiling plans to recreate "Little Stratford" right down to Holy Trinity Church, where the Bard was buried.
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International Conference on Advances in Materials and Manufacturing (5th: 2014: Fuzhou, China) Edited by Zhengyi Jiang and Xianghua Liu
The 16 rail projects include four rail projects in final phase and 12 continued construction projects, including the Xiamen-Shenzhen Railway, Xiangtang-Putian Railway and Fuzhou's Jiangyin port rail branch line as well as Fuzhou North Station's renovation project.
Fuzhou, Rabi'II 11, 1435, Feb 11, 2014, SPA -- One H7N9 bird flu patient has died, and two patients have been discharged from hospital in east China's Fujian Province, local authorities announced Tuesday.
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