Gérard, Étienne Maurice

Gérard, Étienne Maurice

(ātyĕn` môrēs` zhārär`), 1773–1852, French army officer. He fought with distinction in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and in the Waterloo campaign he served with gallantry at Ligny. Returning from exile in 1817, he became a deputy of the opposition and supported the July Revolution of 1830, which brought Louis PhilippeLouis Philippe
, 1773–1850, king of the French (1830–48), known before his accession as Louis Philippe, duc d'Orléans. The son of Philippe Égalité (see Orléans, Louis Philippe Joseph, duc d'), he joined the army of the French Revolution,
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 to the French throne. He was twice minister of war under Louis Philippe, who created him marshal. Gérard led the French expedition to Belgium, taking Antwerp in 1832.
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