Göta älv

(redirected from Göta River)

Göta älv

(yö'tä ĕlv`), river, 56 mi (90 km) long, SW Sweden, draining Vänern lake into the Kattegat. It is part of the Göta Canal, a 240-mi (386-km) system of rivers, lakes, and canals, which crosses S Sweden from Göteborg to Arkosund on the Baltic Sea and to Stockholm by way of the sea. The canals, which account for one half of the waterway's length, were opened in 1832 and ascend and descend c.300 ft (90 m) by means of 58 locks. The section that passes around the rapids at Trollhättan was modernized in 1916 to accommodate small oceangoing vessels.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Göta Älv


(Göta River), a river in southwestern Sweden. Length, 95 km; basin area, 50,000 sq km. Flows out of Vanern and into the Kattegat near Göteborg. The valley is confined to an ancient fault. The annual average discharge is 575 m3/sec, and the flow is evenly distributed. Waterfalls in the upper reaches of the river include the Trollhättan cascades (height 33 m) and other waterfalls at Lilla Edet (6.5 m) and Vargön (4.5 m). There are hydroelectric power plants, the largest of which is at Trollhättan. With the construction of the bypass canal at the Trollhättan falls, the Göta älv was made navigable over its entire length. The river forms a segment of the Göta Canal navigation route.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.