El Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ
), adaptado como Cuestionario de Ambiente de Equipo (CAE), esta compuesto por 18 items de respuesta graduada.
The means and standard deviations for each of the four GEQ
subscales and the collective efficacy measure are presented in Table 1.
The other page contained the GEQ
(Carron, Widmeyer, & Brawley, 1985), a nine-choice Likert scale scored so that high scores indicate the tendency to perceive a great deal of cohesion.
In order to determine the influence of winning and losing on cohesion a preseason GEQ
baseline measure was recorded to be utilized for later comparisons.
Before practice, the coach, assistant coach or team manager brought the team together and the GEQ
was always administered by the researcher.
Before performing GEQ
do pretest and posttest, where pretest is done before playing and posttest is done after playing, in which case player is asked to play for one week.
does not measure the policing of women's bodies and sexual behaviors, an important dimension of gender harassment for this population.
The Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ
) is a four scale instrument that provides a valid and reliable measure of perceived cohesion in sport teams (14) and exercise groups (15,50,51).
The comments of the authors of the GEQ
(Carron & Brawley, 2000), in which they justify that the refining of a scale, including its reliability and validity, is an ongoing process, should be taken into account.
(2009), low-level urinary shedding of BK virus was found in only 7% of healthy immunocompetent adults, and the BK virus load was less than 5 log GEq
for all subjects.
Um grupo, denominado de Grupo Equivalencia (GEQ
), passou por treinos (AB, BC e AD) e testes (BA, CB e DA) de relacoes condicionais, de acordo com o paradigma de equivalencia proposto por Sidman e Tailby (1982).
We used the self-report item Game Experience Questionnaire (GEQ