anabolic steroid

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anabolic steroid

(ăn'əbŏl`ĭk stĕr`oid, stĭr`–) or

androgenic steroid

(ăn'drōjĕn`ĭk), any of a group of synthetic derivatives of testosteronetestosterone
, principal androgen, or male sex hormone. One of the group of compounds known as anabolic steroids, testosterone is secreted by the testes (see testis) but is also synthesized in small quantities in the ovaries, cortices of the adrenal glands, and placenta, usually
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 that promote muscle and bone growth. Used to treat uncontrolled weight loss in wasting diseases, anabolic steroids have also been taken by bodybuilders and athletes seeking increased muscle mass, strength, and stamina. Such use is banned by the International Olympic Committee and other governing bodies in sports, but not all sports test for steroids. Major League Baseball did not test for steroids until 2003, when random testing returned positive results on more than 5% of the players tested, and the National Hockey League still does not test. Under a 1988 federal law it is illegal to distribute anabolic steroids for nontherapeutic uses, and in 1991 they joined other abused drugs as controlled substances. Nonetheless, a precursor hormone called dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), which can convert to testosterone in the body, is available as a dietary supplement without a prescription. Abuse of anabolic steroids may lead to elevated cholesterol levels, liver disease, blood clots leading to heart attack or stroke, increased aggressiveness and irritability, and, in adolescents, permanent stunting of growth. See also steroidssteroids,
class of lipids having a particular molecular ring structure called the cyclopentanoperhydro-phenanthrene ring system. Steroids differ from one another in the structure of various side chains and additional rings. Steroids are common in both plants and animals.
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.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

anabolic steroid

[‚an·ə¦bäl·ik ′sti‚rȯid]
(biochemistry)
Any of a group of steroid hormones that increase anabolism.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

anabolic steroid

any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones (androgens) used to stimulate muscle and bone growth for therapeutic or athletic purposes
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Cases like Andrea's and Kyle's - where multiple drugs are involved - mean the true numbers of 'G'-related deaths are unknown, as it can be difficult to determine which drugs killed a person who has GHB or GBL in their system.
To understand the effects of GHB on the brain, a team of scientists from the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, recruited 27 GHB users who had experienced multiple GHB-induced comas (with a minimum of 4 comas), 27 GHB users who had never had a coma, and 27 volunteers who had used drug combinations (polydrug), but had never used GHB.
For the approximately 50% of patients who remained low risk through their pregnancies, care under the GHB model was significantly more likely to be assessed as adequate throughout pregnancy than for those patients on Medicaid (61.7% vs 35.5%, P = .001).
The results demonstrated that ADX-102 diminished brain levels of GHB and GABA, and thus serve as proof-of-concept for the utility of aldehyde sequestration as a potential treatment for SSADH deficiency.
There are no reports of (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26893218) BHB supplements or low-carb diets causing any of GHB's adverse effects, like loss of consciousness, seizures and death.
GHB users also experience negative effects like sweating, loss of consciousness and induced amnesia, he added.
If your job requires you to dress in suits or skirts, I highly recommend you have a change of clothes in your GHB. You will appreciate having durable, comfortable clothing for your hike.
GHB, also known as liquid ecstasy, is popular as a recreational drug as it causes euphoria and sociability.
Laborit found that GHB could induce a deep sleep quickly.
After last week's pre- poll promise by the Congress to provide affordable houses to women, the BJP government- run GHB -- which has largely been dormant for more than a decade -- announced that it will launch as many as seven new schemes entailing 6,300 houses across the state.
They discovered a hoard of drugs including 4,665 diazepam tablets worth around pounds 2,000, 27 containers of GHB, worth up to pounds 1,215, cannabis resin and bush, steroids, cocaine, insulin and vials of testosterone and steroids.
Katsidis, the older brother of world lightweight boxing champion Michael, had nine times the fatal dose of GHB in his system, according to coroner John Lock.