mushroom poisoning

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mushroom poisoning,

fungal poisoning caused by ingestion of certain mushrooms (fungal organisms), most commonly Amanita phalloides and Amanita muscaria and related species. Symptoms, caused by toxic peptides, may include severe abdominal pain, vomiting, cold sweat, diarrhea, and excessive thirst; they appear 8 to 12 hours after ingestion. Damage occurs largely in the liver and kidneys. Some mushrooms contain substances that produce hallucinatory states, e.g., Psilocybe mexicana (see hallucinogenic drughallucinogenic drug
, any of a group of substances that alter consciousness; also called psychotomimetic (i.e., mimicking psychosis), mind-expanding, or psychedelic drug.
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; ergotergot
, disease of rye and other cereals caused by the fungus Claviceps purpurea. The cottony, matlike body, or mycelium, of the fungus develops in the ovaries of the host plant; it eventually turns into a hard pink or purple body, the sclerotium, or ergot, that resembles
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). Occasional outbreaks of poisoning from eating canned mushrooms are not caused by poisonous mushrooms but by botulismbotulism
, acute poisoning resulting from ingestion of food containing toxins produced by the bacillus Clostridium botulinum. The bacterium can grow only in an anaerobic atmosphere, such as that found in canned foods.
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 resulting from improper canning methods.
References in periodicals archive ?
Taken together, the psychological modalities were associated with greater improvements in GI symptoms immediately after treatment, as compared with the grouped comparators.
Effect of gluten free flour on GI symptom rating scale score of celiac patients of different age groups and gender.
lumbricoides trichiura stercoralis HIV infection 2 0 0 0 Cancer 1 0 2 0 IS therapy 2 0 0 1 DM 0 0 1 0 Severe anemia 2 2 1 0 PEM 12 2 4 1 TB 2 1 1 1 Chronic diseases 1 1 1 0 Total (number) 22 6 10 3 Table 3: Comparison of presence of parasites and GI symptoms Parasite Parasite Total present absent GI symptom present 63 43 106 GI symptom absent 16 27 43 Total 79 70 149 Figure 1: Sex-wise prevalence of intestinal parasites.
Her GI symptoms were initially attributed to side effects of antibiotic treatment for cellulitis and dyspepsia before investigating her with a colonoscopy.
Several recent studies had linked FODMAPs to GI symptoms in IBS, but no prior randomized controlled trial had compared real-world recommendations to follow either a low-FODMAP or traditional IBS diet, the researchers noted (Gastroenterology 2015.
Although the levels may be indicators of adherence, the levels and medications can contribute to adverse GI symptoms.
In diabetes patients who had kidney-pancreas transplantation, which restores normal blood glucose, IGFBP3 levels and stem cell function normalized and GI symptoms diminished.
Approximately 44% (n = 14) of children with CD had a positive sibling history of CD and 66% (n = 21) had GI symptoms.
Due to this pathophysiological process, symptoms of celiac disease are not limited to GI symptoms, but include extraintestinal symptoms and can vary appreciably by age at presentation and person to person (Guandalini & Vallee, 2010; Newton & Singer, 2012; Tack, Verbeek, Schreurs, & Mulder, 2010).
Less than half of patients present with GI symptoms.
Concerns about painful defecation and GI symptoms such as nausea and vomiting are significant concerns for women undergoing surgery," she said.