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(both: gē`zə), or

Al Jizah

(äl jē`zö), city (1990 est. pop. 2,680,500), capital of Giza governorate, N Egypt, surburb of Cairo. It is a manufacturing and agricultural trade center. Products include textiles, cigarettes, and apparel. Giza is the seat of government ministries, cultural and research institutes, the Univ. of Cairo, and Egypt's film industry. The area was settled in antiquity. Nearby are the three Great Pyramidspyramid.
The true pyramid exists only in Egypt, though the term has also been applied to similar structures in other countries. Egyptian pyramids are square in plan and their triangular sides, which directly face the points of the compass, slope upwards at approximately a
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, surrounded by mastabas, with the Great Sphinxsphinx
, mythical beast of ancient Egypt, frequently symbolizing the pharaoh as an incarnation of the sun god Ra. The sphinx was represented in sculpture usually in a recumbent position with the head of a man and the body of a lion, although some were constructed with rams'
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 to the south; it has been a heavily trafficked sightseeing area for centuries.



or Al Jizah, a city in the Arab Republic of Egypt, in Upper Egypt, on the left bank of the Nile, on the Cairo-Aswan railroad. The southwestern suburb of Cairo. Population, 571,200 (1966). It is a major trade (mainly grain) and tourism center. There is some tobacco industry.

Near Giza, in the Libyan Desert, stand the majestic pyramid-tombs of the pharaohs Khufu (Cheops), Khafre (Chephren), and Menkaure (Mycerinus). They were built in the first half of the third millennium B.C. and in Hellenistic literature were listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The grandest is the pyramid of Khufu, or the Great Pyramid (architect, Heminunu; height, 146.6 m; base length, 233 m). The pyramid of Khafre is 143.5 m high and 215.25 m long at the base. The pyramid of Menkaure is 62 m high and 108.4 m long at the base. A memorial temple was joined to each pyramid on the eastern side and was connected by a passageway to the smallest (lowest) temple in the valley. Near the lowest temple of Khafre’s pyramid is the Great Sphinx, a fantastic being with the body of a lion and a portrait head of the pharaoh, carved out of a cliff (length, 57 m; height, 20 m).

There is also a necropolis in the field of the pyramids, where over 7,000 noble Egyptians from the second to the sixth dynasties are buried. Excavations began in the 19th century. The tombs of Giza have provided rich material for studying the means of production, social life, and culture of Egypt in the time of the Old Kingdom (c. 2800-c. 2250 B.C.). Many tombs revealed objects of the burial cult, household utensils, work tools, and weapons. One tomb contained a set of flint knives, which were used along with bronze knives. Pottery of all kinds and some sculpture were found. Beautiful bas-reliefs with scenes from the lives of the deceased as well as hieroglyphic inscriptions were uncovered in several tombs.


Reisner, G. A. A History of the Giza Necropolis, vols. 1-2. Cambridge-London, 1942-55.
Hassan, S. Excavations at Giza, vols. 1-10. Cairo, 1932-60.
Junker, H. Giza, vols. 1-12. Vienna-Leipzig, 1929-55.
References in periodicals archive ?
What's more, American Glace and Gise even provide good doses of calcium.
The GISEs, in coordination with the DEA, conduct complex criminal investigations intended to lead to major seizures of illegal drugs, such as the 2011 dismantling of an international trafficking organization and 34 arrests, including Croatian, Montenegrin, and Serbian nationals that annually smuggled multi-ton quantities of cocaine from Brazil to Italy and Croatia.
22-24 6th Annual Hunting Moon Gi Wse Gises Contest Powwow.
como unas bocinas para PC, sino con una caja de gises.
Such data information packaging makes GISes the system of choice for analytical operations like land-use analysis and planning, land-form interpretation, census mapping and analysis, natural hazard assessment, forestry use and planning, and environmental studies.
Los "genes del alma" son similares a la fraternidad que se cultiva en las calles, en sus aceras, en sus baches, en sus irregularidades, con los gises cuando al trazar las canchas de futbol dejan huellas, construyen memorias e inventan un sinfin de juegos.
Celia de la Caridad Cruz Alfonso estudio para profesora de educacion primaria pero tuvo la fortuna de hacerle caso a una maestra suya y cambio los gises, el pizarron y las aulas por los escenarios del mundo entero.
Visto asi, es un trabajo hasta cierto punto peligroso, porque no se sabe cual es el fin, el uso que va a tener llegado el momento (esta naturalmente contemplada la posibilidad de que no se utilicen los gises para nada importante).
Con el Ejercito de Morelos hay dos contactos que avisan, es el grupo de inteligencia llamado GISES del Ejercito Mexicano.
Para su trabajo le deja una serie de textos (con el hermoso grafismo de los ideogramas chinos), que debe copiar en el pizarron y 26 gises.