Camillo Golgi

(redirected from GTO)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Golgi, Camillo

(kämēl`lō gôl`jē), 1844–1926, Italian physician, noted as a neurologist and histologist. He shared with Ramón y Cajal the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work on the structure of the nervous system. He introduced (c.1870) a method of staining nerve tissue with silver nitrate that he used (1883) to demonstrate certain nerve cells (Golgi cells) in the central nervous system. He observed (1909) the Golgi apparatus, a part of the cytoplasm distinguishable by special staining and known as the Golgi bodies when in the form of separate particles. He recognized that the three types of malaria are caused by different protozoan organisms. Golgi taught at the Univ. of Pavia from 1875.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Golgi, Camillo

 

Born July 7. 1844, in Cortona; died Jan. 21, 1926, in Pavia. Italian histologist: named professor at the University of Pavia in 1875.

Golgi developed the chrome-silver method of preparing specimens of nerve tissue for the microscope (1873). which made it possible to see the silhouetted images of neurons with all of their processes, and thus to study and classify all of the neuronal forms of the cerebral cortex. This advance in turn opened the way for solution to the problem of the relationship between structure and function. In modern neurohistology a Golgi cell of type 1 is distinguished by a long axon that extends beyond the neural center in which the cell is located, and a Golgi cell of type 2 by a short axon that branches and ends in the same part of the gray matter in which the body of the cell is located. Golgi also described the special intracellular organelle now known as the Golgi apparatus. Golgi received the Nobel Prize in 1906, which he shared with Ramón y Cajal.

WORKS

Sulla fina anatomia degli organi centrali dei sistema nervoso. Milan. 1885.
Untersuchungen über den feineren Bau des centralen und peripherischen Nervensystems: Text und Atlas. Jena, 1894.
Opera omnia, vols. 1–3. Milan. 1903.

REFERENCE

“Professor Camillo Golgi.” British Medical Journal, 1926, vol. I, p. 221.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The GTI is actually quicker than any classic-era V-8 GTO, and unlike those old GTOs, it's a car you can commute to work in every day without suffering, and without hemorrhaging cash on gas.
Under the GTO, the reporting agent must forward to the federal government the identity of the purchasing entity and any "beneficial owner" or owners of the purchasing entity.
Relative trypsin and chymotrypsin activities were compared among unexposed laboratory (NL, US), field (GTO), laboratory Xentari-exposed (USX), or field Xentari-exposed (GTOX) strains, using trypsin and chymotrypsin substrates in a microplate assay (Table 4).
GTO is a fun, fast-paced adventure and a special treat for the classic car enthusiast.
Both Shannon and Marcar will report to global CIO and global co-head of GTO, Kim Hammonds.
"We've always maintained that we would exceed the current world record and that the car would bring between $30-$40-million and today the GTO did just that," Robert Brooks, chairman of Bonhams, said in a statement.
In addition to upgrading additional aircraft to Gogo's next generation air to ground technology, Gogo recently announced the next step in its technology roadmap called Gogo GTO, or Ground to Orbit.
Ten years ago someone paid PS5.4million for a 60s Ferrari GTO and in 2012 it sold for PS22million.
18 July 2013 -Dutch industrial machinery and equipment group Aalberts Industries NV (AMS:AALB) on Thursday said it had agreed to take over GtO Slovakia sro, for an undisclosed price.
He said that it would be quite appropriate to recall the positive experience of past decades when the so-called GTO, Ready for Labour and Defence, was in use in Russia.
HOW TO RESTORE YOUR PONTIAC GTO 1964-1974 goes beyond the usual auto restoration guides to discuss how to restore everything from the body and trim to brakes, chassis and steering.