Gabelle


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gabelle

 

a tax on salt in medieval France; before the 14th century it was also a tax on cloth, wine, and other products. The gabelle was introduced by the state, which monopolized the sale of salt under the ordinance of 1341, and after being repealed twice, the tax was finally confirmed in 1383. Either officials or numerous tax farmers collected the gabelle. The tax rate was not uniform for all provinces: there were some with a large gabelle and some with a small one. In the 16th century the regions of Paris, Orleans, Tours, Dijon, Rouen, and others paid the large gabelle, and some provinces were released from paying the gabelle. From the second half of the 15th century the provinces of Poitou, Saintonge, Guyenne, and others did not pay the gabelle. In 1548, an insurrection broke out in Guyenne over an attempt to introduce the gabelle. The tax was particularly onerous in the coastal regions, which used much salt to preserve fish. The gabelle was one of the most hated taxes, causing popular unrest, for ex-ample in Auvillar in 1633 and in Agen in 1635. The gabelle was abolished in 1790.

REFERENCE

Duchat, E. La Gabelle, I’impot indirect. Troyes [1950].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Expert Paul Brammall, of Gabelle Tax, said: "If a husband gives his half of a buy-to-let property to his wife then the wife becomes responsible for all the tax on the rent.
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He also supported the elimination of the taille land tax on the peasantry and non-nobles and indirect taxes like the gabelle national salt tax (Baudeau 1763: 146).
The Nguyen dynasty had established monopolies on goods such as peacock feathers and areca nuts, in China there was a tax on alcohol from the Song dynasty until the last days of the Kuomintang, and, even in France, the much hated salt monopoly, the gabelle, was only abolished in 1945.
(6) This descriptive evidence is complemented by entries found in the official Vatican account books and in the tax (gabelle) books of Siena (in whose territory Corsignano/Pienza lay), all of which reveal steady expenditures and property purchases through which the developing architectural and urbanization intentions of the pontiff are revealed.
In the 18th century, the gabelle, or salt tax, in France eventually led to the French Revolution.
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